Babagian administratif Koréa Kidul

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Babagian administratif
Koréa Kidul
Tingkat Propinsi
Propinsi
(道 도 do)
Propinsi otonom
(特別自治道 특별자치도 teukbyeol-jachido)
Kota husus
(特別市 특별시 teukbyeol-si)
Kota métropolitan
(廣域市 광역시 gwangyeok-si)
Tingkat Munisipalitas
Kota gedé
(市 시 si)
County
(郡 군 gun)
Ward
(區 구 gu)
Kota leutik
(邑 읍 eup)
Kotapraja
(面 면 myeon)
Lingkungan
(洞 동 dong)
Désa
(里 리 ri)
Koréa Kidul
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Koréa Kidul


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Korea Kidul kabagi jadi 8 propinsi (do), 1 propinsi otonom husus (teukbyeol jachido), 6 kota metropolitan (gwangyeoksi), sarta 1 kota husus (teukbyeolsi). Satuluyna dibagi deui jadi entitas leuwih leutik, nyaeta kota gedé (si), county (gun), distrik (gu), kota leutik (eup), kotapraja (myeon), lingkungan (dong) sarta désa (ri).

(Catetan dina tarjamah: sanajan istilah "Kota Husus," "Kota Metropolitan," "Propinsi," jeung "Kota" geus ilahar dipake dina loka pamarentah, tarjamah lianna ("county," "kota leutik," "distrik," jsb.) lain mangrupakeun tarjamah resmi, ukur ilustrasi.)

Pamarentah lokal[édit | sunting sumber]

Istilah Basa Korea katembong dina ejahan resmi Romanisasi Basa Koréa nu dirévisi.

Istilah Basa Korea Tarjamah
* Teukbyeolsi * Kota husus
** Gu ** Distrik
*** Dong *** Lingkungan
* Gwangyeoksi * Kota metropolitan
** Gu ** Distrik
*** Dong *** Lingkungan
** Gun ** County
*** Eup *** Kota leutik
**** Ri **** Désa
*** Myeon *** Kotapraja
**** Ri **** Désa
* Do * Propinsi
** Si 1 ** Kota gedé 1
*** Gu *** Distrik
**** Dong **** Lingkungan
** Si 2 ** Kota gedé 2
*** Dong *** Lingkungan
** Gun ** County
*** Eup *** Kota leutik
**** Ri **** Désa
*** Myeon *** Kotapraja
**** Ri **** Désa

Catetan:

  • 1 - leuwih ti 500,000
  • 2 - kurang ti 500,000

Do ("Propinsi"; 도; )[édit | sunting sumber]

"do" nyaeta babagian nagara utama, babarengan jeung "teukbyeolsi" sarta "gwangyeoksi." Korea Kidul boga 8 propinsi jeung hiji propinsi otonom husus (teukbyeoljachido; 특별자치도; 特別自治道):

  • Propinsi Chungcheong Kalér (Chungcheongbuk-do; 충청북도; 忠清北道)
  • Propinsi Chungcheong Kidul (Chungcheongnam-do; 충청남도; 忠清南道)
  • Propinsi Gangwon (Gangwon-do; 강원도; 江原道)
  • Propinsi Gyeonggi (Gyeonggi-do; 경기도; 京畿道)
  • Propinsi Gyeongsang Kalér (Gyeongsangbuk-do; 경상북도; 慶尙北道)
  • Propinsi Gyeongsang Kidul (Gyeongsangnam-do; 경상남도; 慶尙南道)
  • Propinsi Jeolla Kalér (Jeollabuk-do; 전라북도; 全羅北道)
  • Propinsi Jeolla Kidul (Jeollanam-do; 전라남도; 全羅南道)
  • Propinsi Otonom Husus Jeju (Jeju Teukbyeol Jachido; 제주특별자치도; 濟州特別自治道)

Unggal propinsi kabagi jadi kota gede ("si") jeung county ("gun").

Panneau travaux.png Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.

Gwangyeoksi ("Metropolitan City"; 광역시; 廣域市)[édit | sunting sumber]

A "gwangyeoksi" is one of the primary divisions of the country, along with "teukbyeolsi" and "do." South Korea has 6 metropolitan cities with self-governing provincial status:

  • Busan Metropolitan City (Busan Gwangyeoksi; 부산광역시; 釜山廣域市)
  • Daegu Metropolitan City (Daegu Gwangyeoksi; 대구광역시; 大邱廣域市)
  • Incheon Metropolitan City (Incheon Gwangyeoksi; 인천광역시; 仁川廣域市)
  • Gwangju Metropolitan City (Gwangju Gwangyeoksi; 광주광역시; 光州廣域市)
  • Daejeon Metropolitan City (Daejeon Gwangyeoksi; 대전광역시; 大田廣域市)
  • Ulsan Metropolitan City (Ulsan Gwangyeoksi; 울산광역시; 蔚山廣域市)

Gwangju and Daejeon are divided into wards ("gu"); the rest are divided into both wards ("gu") and outlying counties ("gun").

Teukbyeolsi ("Special City"; 특별시; 特別市)[édit | sunting sumber]

A "teukbyeolsi" is one of the primary divisions of the country, along with gwangyeoksi and do. South Korea has only one special city: Seoul (서울). Seoul is divided into wards ("gu").

Si ("City"; 시; )[édit | sunting sumber]

A "si" is one of the divisions of a province, along with "gun." Cities have a population of at least 150,000; once a county ("gun") attains that population, it becomes a city. Cities with a population of over 500,000 (namely, Suwon, Cheongju, and Jeonju) are divided into wards ("gu") which are then further divided into neighbourhoods ("dong"); cities with a population of less than 500,000 do not have wards – these cities are directly divided into neighbourhoods ("dong").

Gun ("County"; 군; )[édit | sunting sumber]

A "gun" is one of the divisions of a province (along with "si"), and of the metropolitan cities of Busan, Daegu, Incheon and Ulsan (along with "gu"). A "gun" has a population of less than 150,000 (more than that would make it a city or "si"), is less densely populated than a "gu," and is more rural in character than either of the other 2 divisions. Counties are divided into towns ("eup") and districts ("myeon").

Gu ("District"; 구; )[édit | sunting sumber]

Seoul, the metropolitan cities of Gwangju and Daejeon and the cities of Suwon, Cheongju, Yongin, Pohang, Ansan, Anyang, Goyang, Seongnam, and Jeonju are divided into "gu"s, but do not have any "gun"s, whereas the metropolitan cities of Busan, Daegu, Incheon and Ulsan are divided into "gu" and also have "gun". "Gu"s are similar to London's or New York's boroughs, and a "gu"'s government handles many of the functions that are handled by city governments in other jurisdictions. "Gu"s in cities such as Cheongju and Jeonju have fewer powers than those of Seoul and the metropolitan cities. "Gu"s are divided into neighbourhoods ("dong").

Eup ("Town"; 읍; )[édit | sunting sumber]

Along with "myeon", an "eup" is one of the divisions of a county ("gun"), and of some cities ("si") with a population of less than 500,000. The main town or towns in a county—or the secondary town or towns within a city's territory—are designated as "eup"s. Towns are subdivided into villages ("ri"). In order to form an eup, the minimum population required is 20,000.

Myeon ("Township"; 면; )[édit | sunting sumber]

A "myeon" is one of the divisions – along with "eup" – of a county ("gun") and some cities ("si") of fewer than 500,000 population. "myeon"s have smaller populations than "eup"s and represent the rural areas of a county or city. Myeons are subdivided into villages ("ri"). The minimum population limit is 6,000.

Dong ("Neighbourhood"; 동; )[édit | sunting sumber]

A dong is the primary division of wards (gu), and of those cities (si) which are not divided into wards. The dong is the smallest level of urban government to have its own office and staff. In some cases, a single legal dong is divided into several administrative dong. Administrative dongs are usually distinguished from one another by number (as in the case of Myeongjang 1-dong and Myeongjang 2-dong). In such cases, each administrative dong has its own office and staff.

The primary division of a dong is the tong (통; ), but divisions at this level and below are seldom used in daily life. Some populous dong are subdivided into ga (가; ), which are not a separate level of government, but only exist for use in addresses. Many major thoroughfares in Seoul, Suwon, and other cities are also subdivided into ga.

Ri ("Village"; 리; )[édit | sunting sumber]

A "ri" is the only division of towns ("eup") and districts ("myeon"). The "ri" is the smallest level of rural government to contain any significant number of people.

Sajarah[édit | sunting sumber]

Although the details of local administration have changed dramatically over time, the basic outline of the current three-tiered system was implemented under the reign of Gojong in 1895. A similar system also remains in use in North Korea.

Future changes[édit | sunting sumber]

In late April 2005, the governing Uri and leading opposition Hannara parties agreed to a sweeping change in the country's local administration. This reform, tentatively slated to take place in 2010, would replace the current three-tier system with a two-tier system. The existing provinces (do) and metropolitan cities (gwangyeoksi) would be eliminated. The current gu, si, and gun units would be reorganized into about 60 "metropolitan cities" with a population of roughly 1 million each. Beyond this, the details of the reform have not been decided. Opposition is likely from politicians and constituent groups who will be disadvantaged by the changes. (Sources: Korea Times [1], Korea Herald [2]).

Tempo oge[édit | sunting sumber]

Tumbu luar[édit | sunting sumber]