Junichiro Koizumi

Ti Wikipédia, énsiklopédia bébas basa Sunda
Luncat ka: pituduh, sungsi
Junichiro Koizumi
Perdana Mentri Jepang ka-87, 88 jeung 89
Masa jabatan
26 April 2001 – 26 Séptémber 2006
Raja/Ratu Akihito
Saméméhna Yoshiro Mori
Sangguesna Shinzo Abe
Mentri Luar Negeri
Masa jabatan
26 Januari 2002 – 16 Pébruari 2002
Saméméhna Makiko Tanaka
Sangguesna Yoriko Kawaguchi
Mentri Kasehatan jeung Kasajahtraan
Masa jabatan
7 Nopémber 1996 – 29 Juli 1998
Perdana Mentri Ryutaro Hashimoto
Saméméhna Naoto Kan
Sangguesna Sohei Miyashita
Masa jabatan
27 Désémber 1988 – 10 Agustus 1989
Perdana Mentri Noboru Takeshita, Sosuke Uno
Saméméhna Takao Fujimoto
Sangguesna Saburo Toida
Mentri Pos jeung Telekomunikasi
Masa jabatan
12 Désémber 1992 – 20 Juli 1993
Perdana Mentri Kiichi Miyazawa
Saméméhna Hideo Watanabe
Sangguesna Kiichi Miyazawa
Anggota Parlemen
untuk Member of the House of Representatives
for Kanagawa's 11th district
Masa jabatan
11 September 2006 – present
Saméméhna New constituency
Sangguesna Incumbent
Mayoritas 197,037 (73.16%)
Katerangan lian
Gumelar 08 Januari 1942 (1942-01-08) (yuswa 72)
Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Jepang
Partéy pulitik Liberal Democratic Party
Pameget/istri Kayoko Miyamoto (divorced)
Ageman Buddhism and Shinto

Junichiro Koizumi (小泉純一郎 Koizumi Jun'ichirō?, lahir 8 Januari 1942) Perdana Mentri Jepang manten.

Sanggeus jadi pingpinan Partéy Démokratik Liberal (PDL) taun 2001, Koizumi kawentar salaku ahli hukum réformasi, museurkeun kana hutang pamaréntah Jepang tur ngaswastakeun parusahaan pos. Taun 2005, Koizumi nu mingpin PDL meunang sora mayoritas di parlemén dina sajarah Jepang modéren. Sababaraha kritik nyababkeun goréngna hubungan jeung nagara tatangga nagara Asia saperti Cina jeung Koréa Kidul.

Kasang tukang[édit | sunting sumber]

Awal kahirupan[édit | sunting sumber]

Koizumi generasi katilu kulawarga politikus. Ramana, Junya Koizumi, direktur jenderal Departemen Pertahanan Jepang sareng anggota Diet. Akina, Matajiro Koizumi, Menteri Pos jeung Telekomunikasi jaman Perdana Menteri Hamaguchi sareng Wakatsuki sarta nu ngamimitian privatisasi parusahaan pos. Tempo: Koizumi family.

Lahir Yokosuka dina 8 Januari 1942, Koizumi namatkeun sakola di SMA Yokosuka High School jeung Universitas Keio, dina widang ekonomi. Koizumi kuliah di University College London samemeh mulang ka Jepang dina Agustus 1969 sanggeus ramana ngantunkeun. Koizumi milu daptar keur anggota majlis rendah dina pamilihan Desember; tapi teu menang sora nu cukup di Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). Taun 1970, Koizumi jadi sekretaris Takeo Fukuda, Menteri Keuangan harita nu jadi Perdana Menteri dina taun 1976.

Dina pamilihan umum Desember 1972, Koizumi kapilih jadi anggota Lower House di Distrik 11 Perfektur Kanagawa. Koizumi jeung Fukuda ngahiji di LDP. Ti harita, Koizumi kapilih 10 kali.

Nikah jeung cerai[édit | sunting sumber]

Koizumi nikah dina umur 21 taun jeung mahasiswa Keio, Kayoko Miyamoto taun 1978, sanggeus ngalamar dina poe munggaran panggih (nu disiapkeun ku asisten politik Koizumi). Pestana di Tokyo Prince Hotel nu dihadiran leuwih ti 2,500 urang, kaasup Fukuda (Prime Minister), tur bentuk kue perkawinanna saperti Gedung Diet Nasional.[1]

Panneau travaux.png Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.


Kawijakan luar negeri[édit | sunting sumber]

Koizumi and U.S. President George W. Bush meet at the White House on September 25, 2001

Popularitas[édit | sunting sumber]

Koizumi meets children in Sea Island, Georgia, shortly before the 2004 G8 summit

Dina mimiti pamarentahanna, Koizumi pamimpin nu kawentar ku kajujuran kawijakanna nu jelas tur kahirupanna nu pinuh warna. Koizomi disebut "Lionheart", dumasar kana rambutna tur jiwana nu pinuh sumanget, jeung "Maverick".[2] Dina Juni 2001, 85 persen masyarakat Jepang satuju kana kawijakanna tur ngan 7 persen nu nolak.[3]

In January 2002, he sacked his popular but volatile Foreign Minister Makiko Tanaka, replacing her with Yoriko Kawaguchi. By April, following an economic slump and a series of LDP scandals that claimed the career of YKK member Koichi Kato, Koizumi's popularity rating had fallen 40 percentage points since his nomination as prime minister.[4]

However, Koizumi was re-elected in 2003 and his popularity surged as the economy recovered. His proposal to cut pension benefits as a move to fiscal reform, however, turned out to be highly unpopular. This restricted his administration's approval rating in the House of Councilors elections in 2004 to being only marginally better than the opposition Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ). In 2005, the House of Councilors rejected the contentious postal privatization bills. Koizumi previously made it clear that he would dissolve the lower house if the bill failed to pass. The Democratic Party, while expressing support for the privatisation, made a tactical vote against the bill. Fifty-one LDP members also either voted against the bills or abstained.

On August 8, 2005, Koizumi, as promised, dissolved the House of Representatives and called for snap elections. He also expelled rebel LDP members for not supporting the bill. The LDP's chances for success were initially uncertain; the secretary general of New Komeito (a junior coalition partner with Koizumi's Liberal Democratic Party) said that his party would entertain forming a coalition government with the Democratic Party of Japan if the DPJ took a majority in the House of Representatives.[5]

However, Koizumi's popularity rose almost twenty points after he dissolved the House and expelled rebel LDP members, with opinion polls placing the government's approval ratings between 51 and 59 percent. The electorate saw the election in term of vote for or against the reform (privatisation), which Democratic Party and rebel LDP were seen as being against.

The elections on September 11 were the LDP's largest victory in decades, giving the party a large majority in the House of Representatives and nullifying opposing voices in the House of Councilors. In the following Diet session, the last to be held under Koizumi's government, the LDP passed 82 of its 91 proposed bills, including postal privatization.[6]

"Post-Koizumi"[édit | sunting sumber]

Koizumi has announced that he will step down from office sometime in 2006, per LDP rules, and will not personally choose a successor as many LDP prime ministers have in the past. This has led to widespread media speculation about who will be his successor, an issue popularly referred to as "post-Koizumi" (ポスト小泉 posuto-koizumi?).

The four leading candidates to replace Koizumi are Shinzo Abe, Yasuo Fukuda, Sadakazu Tanigaki, and Taro Aso. Faction leader Taro Kono has also expressed an interest in standing in the party elections. However, none of the five have officially declared their candidacies. Formal declarations are not expected until July 2006 at the earliest.[7] In a June poll of 403 LDP lawmakers, Abe had the backing of 130, followed by Fukuda with 30.[8]

Kabinet Koizumi[édit | sunting sumber]

First
(April 26, 2001)
First, Realigned
(September 30, 2002)
Second
(November 19. 2003)
Second, Realigned
(September 22, 2004)
Third, Realigned
(2005-10-31)
Secretary Yasuo Fukuda 4 Hiroyuki Hosoda Shinzo Abe
Internal Affairs Toranosuke Katayama Taro Aso Heizo Takenaka 3
Justice Mayumi Moriyama Daizo Nozawa Chieko Nohno Seiken Sugiura
Foreign Affairs Makiko Tanaka 1 Yoriko Kawaguchi Nobutaka Machimura Taro Aso
Finance Masajuro Shiokawa Sadakazu Tanigaki
Education Atsuko Toyama Takeo Kawamura Nariaki Nakayama Kenji Kosaka
Health Chikara Sakaguchi Hidehisa Otsuji Jiro Kawasaki
Agriculture Tsutomu Takebe Tadamori Oshima 2 Yoshiyuki Kamei Yoshinobu Shimamura Shoichi Nakagawa
Economy Takeo Hiranuma Shoichi Nakagawa Toshihiro Nikai
Land Chikage Ogi Nobuteru Ishihara Kazuo Kitagawa
Environment Hiroshi Oki 1 Shunichi Suzuki Yuriko Koike
Public Safety Jin Murai Sadakazu Tanigaki Kiyoko Ono Yoshitaka Murata Tetsuo Kutsukake
Disaster Prevention Yoshitada Konoike Kiichi Inoue
Defense Gen Nakatani Shigeru Ishiba Yoshinori Ono Fukushiro Nukaga
Economic Policy Heizo Takenaka 3 Heizo Takenaka Heizo Takenaka Kaoru Yosano
Financial Affairs Hakuo Yanagisawa Tatsuya Ito
Admin. and Reg. Reform Nobuteru Ishihara Kazuyoshi Kaneko Seiichiro Murakami Koki Chuma
Technology Koji Omi Hiroyuki Hosoda Toshimitsu Motegi Yasufumi Tanahashi Iwao Matsuda
Youth and Gender Kuniko Inoguchi



Nulis.jpg


Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> ditemukan, tapi tag <references/> tidak ditemukan