Média (étnisitas)

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Kakaisaran Média
atanapi
Konféderasi Média
Mādai

+ 625 SM–549 SM
Hiji peta Kakaisaran Media; numutkeun Herodotus
Ibu kota Ecbatana, Hamadan modérn
Basa Basa Media
Agama Agama Iran Kuna (patali jeung Mithraisme, Mazdaisme atanapi Zoroastrianisme awal)
Pamaréntahan Monarki
Raja
 - 625-585 SM Cyaxares nu Ageung (kahiji)
 - 589-549 SM Astyages (pangahirna)
Jaman Jaman Emas
 - Cyaxares ngahijikeun séké-séké Media[1] + 625 SM
 - Cyrus nu Ageung 549 SM
Istana Apadana, tangga kalér (detail) - pahatan kuna abad ka-5 SM némbongkeun saurang prajurit Média dina pakéan tradisional Média (tukangeun prajurit Pérsia)

Média[N 1] (ti Basa Pérsia Kuna Māda-) nyaéta hiji masarakat Iran kuna[N 2] nu hirup di Iran dina hiji wewengkon nu kawanoh salaku Média sarta nyaturkeun hiji basa Iran Kalér-Kulon nu kawanoh salaku basa Média. Kadatanganna ka wewengkonna dipatalikeun jeung gelombang kahiji séké Iran dina ahir milénium ka-2 SM (Ngahandapna Jaman Perunggu) nepi ka awal milénium ka-1 SM.

Tingali ogé[édit | sunting sumber]

Rujukan, catetan, jeung sumber[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. a b Encyclopædia Britannica Online Media (ancient region, Iran)
  2. OED Online "entry Mede, n.".:
  1. ti éntri OED: "Mede < Latin klasik Mēdus (biasana dina jamak, Mēdī) < Yunani kuna (Attika jeung Ionia) Μῆδος (Siprus ma-to-i Μᾶδοι, jamak) < Pérsia Kuna Māda"[2]
  2. A)"..and the Medes (Iranians of what is now north-west Iran).." Citakan:EIEC. B) "Archaeological evidence for the religion of the Iranian-speaking Medes of the .." Citakan:Harv. C) ".. succeeded in uniting into a kingdom the many Iranian-speaking Median tribes" ( from Encyclopædia Britannica [1]). D) "Proto-Iranian split into Western (Median, ancient Persian, and others) and Eastern (Scythian, Ossetic, Saka, Pamir and others)..." (Kuz'mina, Elena E. (2007), The origin of the Indo-Iranians, J. P. Mallory (ed.), BRILL, hlm. 303, ISBN 9789004160545 ) ...
  • Boyce, Mary; Grenet, Frantz (1991), Zoroastrianism under Macedonian and Roman rule, BRILL, ISBN 9789004092716 
  • Dandamayev, M.; Medvedskaya, I. (2006), "Media", Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Edition 
  • Henrickson, R. C. (1988), "Baba Jan Teppe", Encyclopaedia Iranica, 2, Routledge & Kegan Paul, ISBN 9780933273672 
  • Tavernier, Jan (2007), Iranica in the Achaemenid Period (ca. 550-330 B.C.): Linguistic Study of Old Iranian Proper Names and Loanwords, Attested in Non-Iranian Texts, Peeters Publishers, ISBN 9042918330 
  • Dandamaev, M. A.; Lukonin, V. G.; Kohl, Philip L.; Dadson, D. J. (2004), The Culture and Social Institutions of Ancient Iran, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, hlm. 480, ISBN 9780521611916 
  • Diakonoff, I. M. (1985), "Media", The Cambridge History of Iran, 2 (edisi ke-Edited by Ilya Gershevitch), Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, hlm. 36–148, ISBN 0521200911 
  • Gershevitch, I. (1968), "Old Iranian Literature", Iranian Studies, Hanbuch Der Orientalistik - Abeteilung - Der Nahe Und Der Mittlere Osten, 1, 1-30: Brill, ISBN 9789004008571 
  • Levine, Louis D. (1973-01-01), "Geographical Studies in the Neo-Assyrian Zagros: I", Iran 11: 1–27, doi:10.2307/4300482, ISSN 05786967 
  • Levine, Louis D. (1974-01-01), "Geographical Studies in the Neo-Assyrian Zagros-II", Iran 12: 99–124, doi:10.2307/4300506, ISSN 05786967 
  • Soudavar, Abolala (2003), The aura of kings: legitimacy and divine sanction in Iranian kingship, Mazda Publishers, ISBN 9781568591094 
  • Young, T. Cuyler, Jr. (1988), "The early history of the Medes and the Persians and the Achaemenid empire to the death of Cambyses", di dalam Boardman, M.; Hammond, N. G. L.; Lewis, D. M. et al., The Cambridge Ancient History, 4, Cambridge University Press, hlm. 1–52, doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521228046.002 
  • Young, T. Cuyler (1997), "Medes", di dalam Meyers, Eric M., The Oxford encyclopedia of archaeology in the Near East, 3, Oxford University Press, hlm. 448–450, ISBN 9780195112177 
  • Zadok, Ran (2002), "The Ethno-Linguistic Character of Northwestern Iran and Kurdistan in the Neo-Assyrian Period", Iran 40: 89–151, doi:10.2307/4300620, ISSN 05786967 
  • Schmitt, Rüdiger (2008), "Old Persian", di dalam Woodard, Roger D., The Ancient Languages of Asia and the Americas, Cambridge University Press, hlm. 76–100, ISBN 9780521684941 
  • Stronach, David (1968), "Tepe Nush-i Jan: A Mound in Media", The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New Series 27 (3): 177–186, doi:10.2307/3258384, ISSN 0026-1521 
  • Stronach, David (1982), "Archeology ii. Median and Achaemenid", di dalam Yarshater, E., Encyclopaedia Iranica, 2, Routledge & Kegan Paul, hlm. 288–96, ISBN 9780933273672 
  • Windfuhr, Gernot L. (1991), "Central dialects", di dalam Yarshater, E., Encyclopaedia Iranica, hlm. 242–51, ISBN 9780939214792 

Bacaan salajengna[édit | sunting sumber]

  • "Mede." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 16 January 2008.
  • Dandamayev, M.; Medvedskaya, I. (2006), "Media", Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Edition 
  • Gershevitch, Ilya (1985), The Cambridge History of Iran, 2, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521200911 
  • Dandamaev, M. A.; Lukonin, V. G.; Kohl, Philip L.; Dadson, D. J. (2004), The Culture and Social Institutions of Ancient Iran, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, hlm. 480, ISBN 9780521611916 
  • Young, T. Cuyler, Jr. (1988), "The early history of the Medes and the Persians and the Achaemenid empire to the death of Cambyses", di dalam Boardman, M.; Hammond, N. G. L.; Lewis, D. M. et al., Persia, Greece and the Western Mediterranean C. 525 to 479 B.C (edisi ke-Cambridge Histories Online), Cambridge University Press, hlm. 1–52, doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521228046.002 

Tumbu kaluar[édit | sunting sumber]

Citakan:Ancient Mesopotamia Citakan:Median topics Citakan:Median and Achaemenid kings Citakan:Empires Citakan:Achaemenid Provinces Citakan:Iran topics


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