Shukuba (宿場?) nyaeta tempat reureuh salila periode Edo di Jepang, ilaharna aya di salah sahiji Lima Rute Edo atawa dina sub-rutena. Biasa disebut oge shukueki (宿駅). Tempat reureuh ieu nyaeta tempat keur nu indit-inditan bisa reureuh salila di jalan ngurilingan Jepang. Dimimitian dina periode Nara jeung Heian di Jepang, saterusna dijieun dumasar kana kawijakan pamarentah.
Sajarah[édit | sunting sumber]
Tempat reureuh ieu, mimiti diayakeun ku Tokugawa Ieyasu teu lila sanggeus Perang Sekigahara. Tempat reureuh mimiti dijieun sapanjang Tōkaidō (dituluykeun di rute Nakasendō sarta rute sejenna). Dina taun 1601, lima puluh tilu stasion Tōkaidō munggaran diwangun, sumebar ti Shinagawa-juku di Edo nepi ka Ōtsu-juku di Propinsi Omi. Teu sakabeh stasion dijieun dina waktu nu sarua, saperti stasion panungtung dijieun dina taun 1624.
Penginapan di tempat reureuh dipake dipake ku saha wae nu reureuh di eta tempat, lamun teu cukup, dipake oge di kota sabudureunna. Tempat reureuh toiyaba, honjin jeung sub-honjin bisa dipake keur umum. It was hard to receive a profit as the proprietor of these places, but the shogun provided help in the form of various permits, rice collection and simple money lending, making it possible for the establishments to stay open. The hatago, retail stores, tea houses, etc., which were designed for general travelers, were able to build a profit. Ai no shuku were intermediate post stations; though they were unofficial resting spots, they had many of the same facilities.
Generally speaking, as the Meiji period arrived and brought along the spread of railroad, the number of travelers visiting these post stations greatly declined, as did the prosperity of the post stations.
Fasilitas tempat reureuh[édit | sunting sumber]
- Toiyaba: General offices that helped manage the post town.
- Honjin: Rest areas and lodgings built for use by samurai and court nobles. Honjin were not businesses; instead, large residences in the post towns were often designated as lodging for government officials.
- Sub-honjin: These facilities were also for use by samurai and court nobles, but general travelers could also stay here if there were vacancies.
- Hatago: Facilities that offered accommodations to general travelers and also served food.
- Kichinyado: Facilities that offered accommodations to general travelers, but did not serve food.
- Chaya: Rest areas that sold tea, food and alcohol to travelers.
- Shops: General shops built to sell wares to travelers.
- Kōsatsu: Signboards on which the Shōgun's proclamations were posted.
Tempat reureuh nu diwangun deui jeung dijadikeun cagar budaya[édit | sunting sumber]
- Nationally-designated Architectural Preservation Sites
- Aizu Nishi Kaidō's Ōuchi-juku (Shimogō, Minamiaizu District, Fukushima Prefecture)
- Hokkoku Kaidō's Unno-juku (Tōmi, Nagano Prefecture)
- Nakasendō's Narai-juku (Shiojiri, Nagano Prefecture)
- Nakasendō's Tsumago-juku (Nagiso, Nagano Prefecture)
- Tōkaidō's Seki-juku (Kameyama, Mie Prefecture)
- Saba Kaidō's Kumagawa-shuku (Wakasa, Mikatakaminaka District, Fukui Prefecture)
- Inaba Kaidō's Hirafuku-shuku (Sayō, Sayō District, Hyōgo Prefecture)
- Inaba Kaidō's Ōhara-shuku (Mimasaka, Okayama Prefecture)
- Inaba Kaidō's Chizu-shuku (Chizu, Tottori, Yazu District, Tottori Prefecture)
- Tōkaidō's Ishibe-juku (Konan, Shiga Prefecture)