Urang Pérsia

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Urang Pérsia
Cyrus nu Ageung Darius I Xerxes I ti Pérsia Mithridates VI ti Pontus
Cyrus nu Ageung Darius I Xerxes I Mithridates VI
Shapur I Shapur II
Shapur I Shapur II Babak Khorramdin Ismail Samani
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi
Khwarizmi Rudaki Ferdowsi Biruni
Omar Khayyam Al-Ghazali Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi
Ibnu Sina Khayyam Al-Ghazali Rhazes
Attar Neyshapuri Rumi (Mowlana) Hafez Amir Kabir
Attar Rumi Hafez Amir Kabir
Jumlah populasi
+81 yuta
Wewengkon kalawan populasi signifikan
Flag of Iran Iran
        (perkiraan 2011 )
47.513.000-50.629.000 [1][2]
Flag of Apganistan Apganistan
    
14.917.696 [3]
Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan 6.094.132 [4]
Flag of Uzbékistan Uzbékistan
    (perkiraan leuwih)
1.406.430
6-7.000.000
[5]
[6]
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan
    (perkiraan leuwih)
1.400.000
2.000.000
[7]
[8][9]
Flag of Rusia Rusia 170.000 [10][11]
Flag of Jérman Jérman 200.000 [12][13]
Flag of Qatar Qatar 160.000 [14]
Flag of Amérika Sarikat Amérika Sarikat 743.000 [11][15] [16]
Flag of Kirgizstan Kirgizstan 47.500 [17]
Flag of Cina Cina 41.028 [18]
Flag of Kanada Kanada 173.760 [19][20]
Flag of Uni Émirat Arab Uni Émirat Arab 238.250 [21]
Flag of Britania Raya Britania Raya 275.000 + 24.330 [22]
Flag of Israél Israél 135.000 [23]
Flag of Perancis Perancis 62.000 [11]
Flag of India India 60.000 [11]
Flag of Bahrain Bahrain 48.000 [24]
Flag of Walanda Walanda 38.000 [11]
Flag of Oman Oman 25.000 [14]
Flag of Australia Australia 22.550 + 19.200 Hazara [25]
Flag of Yunani Yunani 20.000 [11]
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait 20.000 [11]
Flag of Koréa Kidul Koréa Kidul,
Flag of Jepang Jepang,
Flag of Pilipina Pilipina
50.000 [11]
Flag of Swédia Swédia 50.000 [26]
Flag of Turki Turki 31.394 [27]
Flag of Selandia Anyar Selandia Anyar 10.000
Flag of Bélgia Bélgia 6.000 [11]
Flag of Norwégia Norwégia 6.000 [11]
Flag of Italia Italia 5.910 [28]
Flag of Afrika Kidul Afrika Kidul 5.000 [11]
Basa

Pérsia (varian: Dari, Hazaragi, jeung Tajik), Luri, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Talyshi sarta nu lian sabundeureun rungkun basa Iran

Ageman

Islam Syiah, Islam Sunni, Sufi, Bahai, Kristen, Yahudi[rujukan?], Zoroastrianisme jeung Atéis[rujukan?]

Grup étnis sadulur

Urang Pérsia[29] nyaéta bagian ti masarakat Iran[30] nu nyaturkeun basa Pérsia modérn[31] sarta dialék jeung basa Iran nu sarungkun.[32][33] Asalna étnis urang Iran/Persia bisa ditulusuran kana Urang Iran Kuna, nu mana nyaéta bagian ti masarakat Indo-Iran kuna ti rungkun basa Indo-Éropa.

Sesebutan "(Urang) Pérsia" bisa ditarjamahkeun ka "ti Pérsis", hiji wewengkon kaléreun Teluk Pérsia, aya di Pars, Iran. Ti wewengkon ieu Cyrus nu Ageung, nu ngawangun Kakaisaran Achaemenid, ngahijikeun sadaya kakaisaran Iran séjénna (kawas Medes jeung Elamites), sarta ngalegakeun pangaruh kabudayaan jeung sosial Pérsia ku cara ngawengku Kakaisaran Babylonia, jeung Kakaisaran Lydia. Sanajan sanés kakaisaran Iran nu kahiji, Kakaisaran Achaemenid nyaéta kakaisaran Pérsia kahiji nu diakuan bener ku sajarawan Yunani jeung Pérsia pikeun pangaruh budaya, militér, jeung sosialna nu lega sajauh Aténa, Mesir, jeung Libya.[34]

Tingali ogé[édit | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. United States Central Intelligence Agency(CIA) (April 28, 2011). "The World Fact Book - Iran". CIA. Diakses pada 15 Méi 2011. 
  2. Library of Congress, Library of Congress – Federal Research Division. "Ethnic Groups and Languages of Iran". http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Iran.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
  3. "Afghanistan". United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2 Juli 2014. Diakses pada 23 Juli 2011. 
  4. "Tajikistan". United States Central Intelligence Agency. 13 Désémber 2007. Diakses pada 26 Désémber 2007. 
  5. "Uzbekistan". United States Central Intelligence Agency. 13 Désémber 2007. Diakses pada 26 Désémber 2007. 
  6. Richard Foltz, "The Tajiks of Uzbekistan", Central Asian Survey, 15(2), 213-216 (1996).
  7. There are 1,000,000 Persian-speakers native to Pakistan and 220,000 Tajik war-refugees from Afghanistan remain in Pakistan. Ethnologue.com's entry for Languages of Pakistan. Census of Afghans in Pakistan.
  8. http://www.farsinet.com/farsi/
  9. http://i-cias.com/e.o/persian_l.htm
  10. 2002 Russian census
  11. a b c d e f g h i j k The Persian Diaspora, List of Persians and Persian Speaking Peoples living outside of Iran, Worldwide Outreach to Persians, Outreach to Muslims around the Globe
  12. Persian World Outreach - Persian-speaking people outside of Iran
  13. GTZ: Migration and development – Afghans in Germany: estimate for Tajiks based on total of 100,000 Afghans in Germany.
  14. a b Ethnologue report for language code:pes
  15. THE IRANIAN: Iranian-American stats, Phyllis McIntosh
  16. This figure only includes Tajiks from Afghanistan. The population of people from Afghanistan the United States is estimated as 80,414 (2005). Of this number, 65% are estimated Tajiks. "US demographic census". Diakses pada 23 Januari 2008.  Robson, Barbara and Lipson, Juliene (2002) "Chapter 5(B)- The People: The Tajiks and Other Dari-Speaking Groups" The Afghans - their history and culture Cultural Orientation Resource Center, Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, D.C., OCLC 56081073.
  17. Ethnic composition of the population in Kyrgyzstan 1999-2007
  18. [1]
  19. 2006 Canadian Census
  20. This figure only includes Tajiks from Afghanistan. The population of people with descent from Afghanistan in Canada is 48,090 according to Canada's 2006 Census.. Tajiks make up an estimated 33% of the population of Afghanistan. The Tajik population in Canada is estimated form these two figures. Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada.
  21. "United Arab Emirates: Demography". Encyclopædia Britannica World Data. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Diakses pada 15 Maret 2008. 
  22. "Tension and Transformation" in Move Magazine, Autumn 2005
  23. Jews, by country of origin and age
  24. Ethnologue 14 report for Bahrain
  25. 2054.0 Australian Census Analytic Program: Australians' Ancestries (2001 (Corrigendum))
  26. http://www.scb.se/statistik/BE/AA9999/2003M00/BE90S%C3%859901_03.pdf
  27. Number Of Foreigners Living In Turkey
  28. http://www.caritasroma.it/Prima%20pagina/Download/Dossier2006/scheda%20di%20sintesi%202006.pdf
  29. Library of Congress, Library of Congress – Federal Research Division. "Ethnic Groups and Languages of Iran". Diakses pada 2 Désémber 2009. 
  30. R.N Frye, "IRAN v. PEOPLES OF IRAN" in Encycloapedia Iranica. "In the following discussion of “Iranian peoples,” the term “Iranian” may be understood in two ways. It is, first of all, a linguistic classification, intended to designate any society which inherited or adopted, and transmitted, an Iranian language. The set of Iranian-speaking peoples is thus considered a kind of unity, in spite of their distinct lineage identities plus all the factors which may have further differentiated any one group’s sense of self."
  31. R. N. Fyre, "IRAN v. PEOPLES OF IRAN" in Encycloapedia Iranica, "The largest group of people in present-day Iran are Persians (*q.v.) who speak dialects of the language called Fārsi in Persian, since it was primarily the tongue of the people of Fārs."
  32. C.S. Coon, "Iran:Demography and Ethnography" in Encycloapedia of Islam, Volme IV, E.J. Brill, pp 10,8. Excerpt: "The Lurs speak an aberrant form of Archaic Persian" See maps also on page 10 for distribution of Persian languages and dialect
  33. Kathryn M. Coughlin, "Muslim cultures today: a reference guide," Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006. pg 89: "...Iranians speak Persian or a Persian dialect such as Gilaki or Mazandarani"
  34. Edward Farr (1850). History of the Persians, 124–7, Robert Carter.

Tumbu kaluar[édit | sunting sumber]


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