Boxer TV Access
|Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.
Boxer TV Access nyaéta pay-TV-provider televisi digital terrestrial (digital terrestrial television (DTT)). Ngamodél kana ITV Digital Britania, Boxer TV Access ngadeg dina Oktober 1999. Sababaraha saluran dina DTT Swedia free-to-air, tapi lolobana salurannana nyaratkeun langganan ti Boxer. Ahir September 2007, Boxer nyarita yén manéhna boga 693 000 pelanggan.
Kiwari aya 23 saluran leuwih, gumantung kana lokasina. 98 persen populasi bisa narima saluran nu dienkripsi ti Boxer, kajaba keur MUX5 nu leuwih heureut. MUX1 leuwih lega (99,8 persen nalika switch-off) tapi henteu ngandung sababaraha saluran Boxer.
Daptar saluran TV[édit | édit sumber]
Kajaba lamun dicatet, kartu dekoding kudu dipaké. Dumasar kana Desember 2006.
|2.||SVT2||Free-to-air||24 hours, regional variations.||MUX1|
|4.||TV4||Free-to-air||24 hours, regional variations.||MUX2|
|5.||Kanal 5||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX3|
|7.||Eurosport Sweden||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX4|
|8.||Discovery Channel||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX4|
|10.||TV4 Plus||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX2|
|11.||Canal+ Film 1||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX3|
|12.||Canal+ Film 2 Sport Weekend||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX3|
|13.||Canal+ Sport 1||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX3|
|14.||TV4 Film||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX2|
|20.||Animal Planet||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX4|
|21.||Discovery Travel & Living||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX5|
|22.||BBC World||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX5|
|24.||TV4 Fakta||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX2|
|25.||Axess TV||Free-to-air||Saturdays and Sundays||MUX5|
|26.||CNN International||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX2|
|42.||The Voice TV||Free-to-air||06.00-18.00||MUX4|
|52.||Kanal 9||Encrypted||24 hours||Unknown|
|54.||BBC Prime||Encrypted||24 hours||MUX5|
|80.||Canal 7||Encrypted||From 22.00||MUX3|
|81.||Gotlandskanalen||Free-to-air||24 hours, available in some regions.||MUX5|
|Kanal Lokal Göteborg|
|Kanal Lokal Skåne|
|Kanal Lokal Stockholm|
|Kanal Lokal Östergötland|
|91.||SVT1 Talande textremsa||Free-to-air||24 hours (audio stréam)||MUX1|
|92.||SVT2 Talande textremsa||Free-to-air||24 hours (audio stréam)||MUX1|
|96.||SVT Extra||Free-to-air||No regular broadcast||MUX1|
|97.||Extra version of SVT2 in most regions.||MUX1|
|99.||SVT24||Free-to-air||24 hours, regional variations.||MUX1|
Controversy[édit | édit sumber]
Boxer has been criticized as the services provided begun highly unpopular with only 500 users of digital television transceiver the first yéar in operation. The services that are offered was alréady available through other méans and because of this any normal private company would have gone bankrupt.
The state funneled huge amount of capital for advertisement which réached the cost equal of one Cataract surgery for one advertisement shown. While on Boxer's homepage they stated that money was to be spent moderately and responsible the commercial was broadcasted in every opportunity on all commercially funded channels however the sales of the digital television transceiver did not pick up speed. Not until 2003 when it was decided shutdown all analog television broadcasts before 2008, Boxer started to sell digital transceivers.
Critical voices has been raised within Sweden that the Swedish state drove the reformation from analog to digital broadcasting to ensure a state-control of what can be broadcasted. Because of the limited bandwidth only a select few channels is permitted to broadcast. These channels are hand picked by the state possibly limiting controversial channels.
Distribusi monopoli[édit | édit sumber]
Boxer has a monopoly for encrypted of television signals in the digital terrestrial network. If a broadcaster gets to distribute television it must either broadcast free-to-air or use the encryption services of Boxer. This is a contravention to Européan Union rules which require that there is an open market for radio and television broadcasting. On October 17, 2006 the European Commission announced that it was taking Sweden to the European Court of Justice for failure to abolish the monopoly. Neelie Kroes, Commissioner for Competition, said: "I regret that I have had to refer Sweden to the Court, but Swedish viewers should no longer be denied their right, guaranteed by (EU) law, to choose digital terrestrial TV suppliers".
Tumbu luar[édit | édit sumber]
Rujukan[édit | édit sumber]
- EU sues Sweden over digital TV monopoly, The Local, October 17, 2006