Citakan:Infobox fluorine

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Fluorine, 9F
Citakan:Infobox element/symbol-to-top-image/alt
Liquid fluorine (at extremely low temperatures)
Fluorine
Ucapan
Alotropalpha, beta
Katémbonggas: very pale yellow
liquid: bright yellow
solid: alpha is opaque, beta is transparent
Beurat atom baku Ar, std(F)18.998403163(6)[1]
Nomer massaF:
Fluorine in the periodic table
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson


F

Cl
oxygenfluorineneon
Atomic number (Z)9
Golongangroup 17 (halogens)
Periodeperiod 2
Blokp-block
Kategori unsur  Reactive nonmetal
Konpigurasi éléktron[He] 2s2 2p5[2]
Éléktron per kulit2, 7
Pasipatan pisik
Pase at STPF: Gas
Titik lé'éh(F2) 53.48 K ​(−219.67 °C, ​−363.41 °F)[3]
Titik golak(F2) 85.03 K ​(−188.11 °C, ​−306.60 °F)[3]
Dénsitas (at STP)1.696 g/L[4]
when liquid (at b.p.)1.505 g/cm3[5]
Titik tripel53.48 K, ​90 kPa[3]
Titik kritis144.41 K, 5.1724 MPa[3]
Heat of vaporization6.51 kJ/mol[4]
Molar heat capacityCp: 31 J/(mol·K)[5] (at 21.1 °C)
Cv: 23 J/(mol·K)[5] (at 21.1 °C)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 38 44 50 58 69 85
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−1 (oxidizes oxygen)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 3.98[2]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 1681 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 3374 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 6147 kJ/mol
  • (more)[6]
Covalent radius64 pm[7]
Van der Waals radius135 pm[8]
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of fluorine
Other properties
Natural occurrenceF: Primordial
Crystal structurecubic
Cubic crystal structure for fluorine
Thermal conductivity0.02591 W/(m·K)[9]
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic (−1.2×10−4)[10][11]
CAS Number7782-41-4[2]
History
Namingafter the mineral fluorite, itself named after Latin fluo (to flow, in smelting)
DiscoveryAndré-Marie Ampère (1810)
First isolationHenri Moissan[2] (June 26, 1886)
Named byHumphry Davy
Main isotopes of fluorine[12]
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
18F trace 109.8 min β+ (97%) 18O
ε (3%) 18O
19F 100% stable
| references
style="text-align:left"|F
in calc from C diff report ref
C −219.67
K 53.48 53.48 0
F −363.41 −363.41 0
WD -363 Edit this at Wikidata [13]
input C: −219.67, K: 53.48, F: −363.41
comment [3]
style="text-align:left"|F
in calc from C diff report ref
C −188.11
K 85.03 85.04 -0.01 delta
F −306.60 −306.60 0
WD -307 Edit this at Wikidata [13]
input C: −188.11, K: 85.03, F: −306.60
comment [3]
O ←

[[Template:Infobox_

|i'box O]]
[[Isotopes of_F: Fluorine|iso]]9F édit
[[Template:Infobox_F: Fluorine|infobox]] édit
[[Template:Infobox_F: Fluorine_isotopes|isobox]]
→ Ne

[[Template:Infobox_

|i'box Ne]]
[]  Data sets read by {{Infobox element}}
Name and identifiers
Top image (caption, alt)
Pronunciation
Category (enwiki)
Standard atomic weight
  most stable isotope
Natural occurrence
Phase at STP
Oxidation states
Spectral lines image
Electron configuration (cmt, ref)
Term symbol * (cmt, ref)
Wikidata *
* Not used in {{Infobox element}} (2019-02-03)
See also {{Infobox element/symbol-to--navbox}}

Rujukan

  1. Meija, Juris; Coplen, Tyler B.; Berglund, Michael; Brand, Willi A.; De Bièvre, Paul; Gröning, Manfred; Holden, Norman E.; Irrgeher, Johanna et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  2. a b c d Jaccaud et al. 2000, p. 381.
  3. a b c d Haynes 2011, p. 4.121.
  4. a b Jaccaud et al. 2000, p. 382.
  5. a b c Compressed Gas Association 1999, p. 365.
  6. Dean 1999, p. 4.6.
  7. Dean 1999, p. 4.35.
  8. Matsui 2006, p. 257.
  9. Yaws & Braker 2001, p. 385.
  10. Mackay, Mackay & Henderson 2002, p. 72.
  11. Cheng et al. 1999.
  12. Chisté & Bé 2011.
  13. a b http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0289.html.

One of these is a named reference. It may be cited in the containing article as

  • <ref name="CIAAW2013" /> for the source Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (from subtemplates used by {{Infobox element}})

The others are shortened footnotes created with {{sfn}}. In the Fluorine article they are hyperlinked to sources in the list at Fluorine#Indexed references.

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