Béda révisi "Ucing"

Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
1.855 bita dipupus ,  14 tahun yang lalu
(Kaca anyar: {{Taxobox | color = pink | name = Ucing | status = {{StatusDomesticated}} | image = Cat outside.jpg | image_width = 200px | image_caption = [[commons:Category:Felis silvestris catus|Ucin...)
 
== Anatomi jeung morpologi==
Gumantung kana spésiésna, awak ucing beuratna 2,5 - 7 kg. Tapi, sababaraha spésiés budidaya, misalna ''[[Maine Coon]]'', bisa nepi ka 11,3 kg. Malah, mun parabna kaleuleuwihi mah beuratna bisa nepi ka 23. Sabalikna, aya ogé ucing pangleutikna nu kungsi kalaporkeun beuratna kurang ti 1,8 kg<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.messybeast.com/dwarfcats.html |title=DWARF, MIDGET AND MINIATURE CATS |accessdate=2007-03-06}}</ref>.
<!--
Cats also possess rather loose [[skin]]; this enables them to turn and confront a predator or another cat in a fight, even when it has a grip on them. This is also an advantage for [[Veterinary medicine|veterinary]] purposes, as it simplifies [[Injection (medicine)|injections]].<ref>{{cite web | title=Vaccinate Your Cat at Home| url=http://www.drsfostersmith.com/pic/article.cfm?aid=87|accessmonthday=October 18 |accessyear=2006}}</ref> In fact, the life of cats with [[kidney failure]] can sometimes be extended for years by the regular injection of large volumes of fluid subcutaneously, which serves as an alternative to [[dialysis]].<ref>{{cite web | title=The Cat Comes Back|url=http://www.wgrz.com/news/columnist/RKellman/KellmansCorner_article.aspx?storyid=37606|accessmonthday=October 18 |accessyear=2006}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | title=How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids to a Cat| url=http://www.wikihow.com/Give-Subcutaneous-Fluids-to-a-Cat|accessmonthday=October 18 |accessyear=2006}}</ref>
 
LikeSakumaha almostmamalia all mammalslianna, catsucing possessmiboga seventujuh [[cervical vertebrae]]. They, havetilu thirteenwelas [[thoracic vertebrae]] (comparedmanusa toboga twelve in humanssalosin), seventujuh [[lumbar vertebrae]] (comparedmanusa toboga five in humanslima), threetilu [[sacral vertebrae]] like most mammals (humansmanusa haveboga fivelima because of theirsabab bipedal posture), andsarta twenty-two or twenty-three22/23 [[caudal vertebrae]] (humansmanusa haveboga three to five3-5, fusedngahiji into an internaljadi [[coccyx]]). <!--The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae account for the cat's enhanced spinal mobility and flexibility, compared to humans; the caudal vertebrae form the tail, used by the cat for counterbalance to the body during quick movements.<ref>{{cite web | title=Cat Skeleton| url=http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/zoolab/Table_of_Contents/Lab-9b/Cat_Skeleton_1/cat_skeleton_1.htm |accessdate=2006-12-12}}</ref>
The particularly loose skin at the back of the neck is known as the ''scruff'', and is the area by which a mother cat grips her kittens to carry them. As a result, cats have a tendency to relax and become quiet and passive when gripped there. This tendency often extends into adulthood, and can be useful when attempting to treat or move an uncooperative cat. However, since an adult cat is quite a bit heavier than a kitten, a pet cat should never be carried by the scruff, but should instead have their weight supported at the rump and hind legs, and also at the chest and front paws. Often (much like a small child) a cat will lie with its head and front paws over a person's shoulder, and its back legs and rump supported under the person's arm.
 
Like almost all mammals, cats possess seven [[cervical vertebrae]]. They have thirteen [[thoracic vertebrae]] (compared to twelve in humans), seven [[lumbar vertebrae]] (compared to five in humans), three [[sacral vertebrae]] like most mammals (humans have five because of their bipedal posture), and twenty-two or twenty-three [[caudal vertebrae]] (humans have three to five, fused into an internal [[coccyx]]). The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae account for the cat's enhanced spinal mobility and flexibility, compared to humans; the caudal vertebrae form the tail, used by the cat for counterbalance to the body during quick movements.<ref>{{cite web | title=Cat Skeleton| url=http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/zoolab/Table_of_Contents/Lab-9b/Cat_Skeleton_1/cat_skeleton_1.htm |accessdate=2006-12-12}}</ref>
 
Cats have highly specialized [[tooth|teeth]] and a [[gastrointestinal tract|digestive tract]] suitable to the digestion of meat. The [[premolar]] and [[Molar (tooth)|first molar]] together compose the [[carnassial]] pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently functions to shear meat like a pair of [[scissors]]. While this is present in [[Canidae|canines]], it is highly developed in felines. The cat's [[tongue]] has sharp spines, or [[papillae]], useful for retaining and ripping flesh from a carcass. These papillae are small backward-facing hooks that contain [[keratin]] and assist in their grooming.
Spaying or neutering pets helps keep the overpopulation down.<ref>http://www.spayusa.org/main_directory/02-facts_and_education/stats_surveys/javma_articles/02dogs-cats-sterilized.asp</ref> Local humane societies, SPCA's and other animal protection organizations urge people to spay or neuter their pets and to adopt animals from shelters instead of purchasing them.
-->
 
==Rujukan==
{{reflist}}
11.771

éditan

Menu navigasi