Incoterm atawa istilah komérsial internasional (basa Inggris: international commercial terms) nyaéta saruntuyan istilah jual beuli internasional nu loba dipaké di sakuliah dunya. Incoetrm dipaké keur ngabagi béaya transaksi jeung tanggung jawab antara nu ngajual jeung nu meuli tur ngagambarkeun praktek transportasi state-of-the-art. Incoterm tumali raket jeung U.N. Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods.
EXW. Ex Works (nyebut tempat): nu ngajual nyieun barang nu sayaga di tempatna.
FCA. Free Carrier (nyebut tempat): nu ngajual ngurus barang, cléared for export, into the custody of the first carrier (named by the buyer) at the named place. This term is suitable for all modes of transport, including carriage by air, rail, road, and containerised / multi-modal transport.
FAS. Free Alongside Ship (named loading port): free Alongside Ship: the seller must place the goods alongside the ship at the named port. The seller must cléar the goods for export; this changed in the 2000 version of the Incoterms. Suitable for maritime transport only.
FOB. Free On Board (named loading port): the classic maritime trade term, Free On Board: seller must load the goods on board the ship nominated by the buyer, cost and risk being divided at ship's rail. The seller must cléar the goods for export. Maritime transport only.
Group C - Main Carriage Paid:
CFR. Cost and Freight (named destination port): seller must pay the costs and freight to bring the goods to the port of destination. However, risk is transferred to the buyer once the goods have crossed the ship's rail. Maritime transport only.
CIF. Cost, Insurance and Freight (named destination port): exactly the same as CFR except that the seller must in addition procure and pay for insurance for the buyer. Maritime transport only.
CPT. Carriage Paid To (named place of destination): the general/containerised/multimodal equivalent of CFR. The seller pays for carriage to the named point of destination, but risk passes when the goods are handed over to the first carrier.
CIP. Carriage and Insurance Paid to (named place of destination): the containerised transport/multimodal equivalent of CIF. Seller pays for carriage and insurance to the named destination point, but risk passes when the goods are handed over to the first carrier.
Keur hiji istilah, "Enya" nuduhkeun yén nu ngajual boga tanggung jawab pikeun nyadiakeun jasa nu kaasup dina harga. "Henteu" nuduhkeun yén bagéan ieu mangrupa tanggung jawab nu meuli. Lamun asuransi henteu kaasup dina istilah éta (contona, CFR) mangka asuransi keur transportasi mangrupa tanggung jawab nu meuli.