Citakan:Kotak info roller coaster/doc

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This template should only be used in articles on individual roller coasters. It should not be used in the park's article, as the auto-categorization will place the article in several inappropriate categories. Also, it should not be used in park articles because every coaster should have its own article, and cluttering up the park's article with infoboxes simply doesn't look good.

If the automated unit conversions and categorization features of this template are not desirable for a particular usage, use {{Infobox roller coaster simplified}} instead. For dual-tracked coasters, use {{Infobox dual roller coaster}}. The main usage for the simplified template will be articles covering multiple installations of a widely cloned coaster such as Batman: The Ride.

Usage[édit sumber]

{{Infobox roller coaster
|name=
|image=            <!--Use ONLY the filename, not a full [[Image:]] link-->
|imagedimensions=  <!--Must be expressed in pixels (px); default is 250px-->
|caption=
|location=         <!--Must not be linked.-->
|locationarticle=  <!--Must not be linked.-->      
|section=          <!--Must not be linked.-->
|type=             <!--Must be "Steel" or "Wood", nothing else. Must not be linked.-->
|type2=            <!--Must not be linked, will auto-categorize the coaster.-->
|type3=            <!--Must not be linked, will auto-categorize the coaster.-->
|status=
|opened=           <!--Use {{Start date}} -->
|closed=
|manufacturer=     <!--Must not be linked, will auto-categorize the coaster.-->
|designer=
|model=
|track=
|lift=
|height_ft=        <!--Must be expressed in feet and may contain only numeric characters.-->
|height_m=         <!--Must be expressed in meters and may contain only numeric characters.-->
|drop_ft=          <!--Must be expressed in feet and may contain only numeric characters.-->
|drop_m=           <!--Must be expressed in meters and may contain only numeric characters.-->
|length_ft=        <!--Must be expressed in feet and may contain only numeric characters.-->
|length_m=         <!--Must be expressed in meters and may contain only numeric characters.-->
|speed_mph=        <!--Must be expressed in miles per hour and may contain only numeric characters.-->
|speed_km/h=       <!--Must be expressed in kilometers per hour and may contain only numeric characters.-->
|inversions=
|duration=
|angle=            <!--Do not include "degrees", it is added automatically.-->
|capacity=
|cost=
|acceleration=     <!--Expression in full form e.g. "X to Y mph (χ to ψ km/h) in Z seconds". -->
|acceleration_from=<!--Intitial speed in mph or km/h defaults to zero, only numeric characters-->
|acceleration_mph= <!--Final speed in mph may contain only numeric characters-->
|acceleration_km/h=<!--Final speed in km/h may contain only numeric characters-->
|acceleration_in=  <!--Number of seconds may contain words -->
|gforce=
|restriction=      <!--Must be expressed in inches and may contain only numeric characters.-->
|rcdb_number=      <!--The number in the URL of the coaster's RCDB page-->
}}

name[édit sumber]

The coaster's full, official name. Should not be linked.

image[édit sumber]

The primary picture of the coaster. Use only the filename of the image. For example, you should use "Kingda Ka.jpg" instead of "[[Image:Kingda Ka.jpg|250px]]"

imagedimensions[édit sumber]

Set the size of the above image. If "[[Image:Kingda Ka.jpg|200px]]" would have been used otherwise, the imagedimensions is "200px". Must be expressed as a number, followed by "px".

caption[édit sumber]

The caption for the picture.

location[édit sumber]

The park in which the coaster is located, or "Portable" if the coaster does not have a fixed location. Use the full, properly capitalized name of the park (however do not include disambiguatory brackets - see locationarticle), and do not link it. It will be linked automatically, and the coaster will be added to a "Roller coasters at (location)" category, so it is very important that the park name be exact.

locationarticle[édit sumber]

If a park article contains disambiguatory brackets, for example La Ronde (amusement park), then use the complete name here. This will direct the text in the 'location' field to the right page.

section[édit sumber]

The section of the park in which the coaster is located. Should not be linked, a section link will be automatically generated using the location parameter. For example, a location of Six Flags Great Adventure and a section of Golden Kingdom will make this link: [[Six Flags Great Adventure#Golden Kingdom|Golden Kingdom]].

type[édit sumber]

The primary type, Steel or Wood. This is what the track is made of, not necessarily the support structure. This should not be anything else and should not be linked. It will be linked automatically, and the coaster will be added to the appropriate category: Category:Steel roller coasters or Category:Wooden roller coasters.

type2[édit sumber]

The secondary type. It can be any one of the following, or another type, if appropriate:

  • 4th Dimension
  • Bobsled
  • Duelling
  • Enclosed
  • Floorless
  • Flying
  • Indoor
  • Inverted
  • Launched
  • Powered
  • Racing
  • Shuttle
  • Side friction
  • Spinning
  • Stand-up
  • Suspended
  • Virginia Reel
  • Wild Mouse

This parameter should not be linked. It will be linked automatically and add the coaster to a category for that type. For example, "Inverted" will link to Inverted roller coaster and add the coaster to Category:Inverted roller coasters.

Note: This is not the track layout. Out and Back, Twister, Moebius Loop, Terrain etc. do not belong in this parameter, they have their own. Also, the height category (Megacoaster, Gigacoaster, Stratacoaster) doesn't belong here, it will be calculated from the height.

type3[édit sumber]

This is exactly the same as type2. It should be used when more than one secondary type applies. For example, Dueling Dragons would be a Steel (type) Dueling (type2) Inverted (type3) coaster.

status[édit sumber]

The current status of the coaster. Could be Under Construction (with expected opening date), Temporarily Closed (e.g. being fixed), SBNO (Standing But Not Operating), Demolished, or, of course, Open.

opened[édit sumber]

The first day on which the coaster was open to the public. Many coasters have a "soft opening" before their media day and official opening, in this case the date of the soft opening should be used. This should be properly linked according to the Manual of Style.

closed[édit sumber]

The day on which the coaster was closed, in the case of coasters no longer operating. This should be properly linked according to the Manual of Style. For operating coasters, this parameter should be omitted or left blank. It should only be used if the coaster is permanently closed, if there is any chance that the coaster will operate again, leave this parameter blank.

manufacturer[édit sumber]

The full, official name of the coaster's primary manufacturer. This should NOT be linked, it will be automatically linked and it will add the coaster to a category for that manufacturer.

designer[édit sumber]

The coaster's designer, if RCDB lists one. This will not be automatically linked or add the coaster to a category.

model[édit sumber]

The coaster's model, as listed on RCDB. This will often, but not always, be the same as the secondary type. It will not be automatically linked, it should only be linked if it differs from the secondary type.

track[édit sumber]

The track layout. This could be something like Out and Back, Twister, Moebius Loop, Terrain etc. Because track layouts can vary greatly from the standard ones, this parameter will not be automatically linked and will not automatically add the coaster to a category.

lift[édit sumber]

The type of lift or launch system that this coaster uses. The most common will be a chain lift hill, but other common ones are linear motor launch track, cable lift hill, hydraulic launch track, etc. There is no automatic linking or categorizing for this parameter, please link as appropriate.

height_ft, height_m, drop_ft, drop_m, length_ft, length_m, speed_mph, speed_km/h[édit sumber]

All of these parameters must use values that are entirely numeric. The roller coaster's height, drop, and length may be expressed in feet or meters (if feet and inches are given, use decimals instead) and speed may be expressed in miles per hour or kilometers per hour. Conversions to SI/metric (meters or km/h) or imperial/US customary (feet or mph) will automatically be calculated and included - this is why these parameters must be entirely numeric. For example, a height value of "230" must be used instead of "230 ft" or anything similar. Additionally, the height_ft or height_m parameter will be used to automatically place the coaster in the appropriate height category: Megacoaster, Gigacoaster, or Stratacoaster.

inversions[édit sumber]

The number of times riders are turned upside down during the ride.

duration[édit sumber]

The actual duration of the ride. This will often differ from the official duration. Unless the train launches directly out of the station and does not stop until it is back in the station, this will not be the time it takes for the train to return to the station after being dispatched.

On chain-lift coasters, which are the vast majority, the ride begins when the train's center of gravity passes the highest point of the (first, if applicable) lift hill and ends when the train first comes to a complete stop on the brake run before the station, or at least slows down enough that the ride is pretty much over (which is common on magnetically-braked coasters). There are exceptions, however. For example, Hydra has a "Jojo roll" inversion before the lift hill, which must be counted in the duration. On cable lift coasters such as Millennium Force and El Toro, the lift is fast enough that it may be considered part of the ride.

For launched coasters, it's even easier. The ride begins when the launch begins and ends when the train stops or slows down enough that the ride is pretty much over.

Aside from a stopwatch, the best thing you need to determine the actual duration of any coaster is simply your best judgment.

angle[édit sumber]

The maximum vertical angle, in degrees, attained by the track. This will usually, but not always, be the angle of the first drop. Inversions are not counted - if they were, for example, any coaster with a loop would have an angle of 90 degrees, as the track attains this angle twice as part of the loop.

capacity[édit sumber]

The maximum number of guests that the coaster can accommodate in one hour.

cost[édit sumber]

The amount of money the coaster cost to build, expressed in the currency of the country where the coaster is located.

acceleration[édit sumber]

The rate of acceleration of the coaster. This will normally only be used for launched coasters. There are two options:

  1. Express the acceleration in full, e.g. "X to Y mph (χ to ψ km/h) in Z seconds" using {{{acceleration}}}
  2. Use {{{acceleration_in}}}, either {{{acceleration_mph}}} or {{{acceleration_km/h}}}, and optionally {{{acceleration_from}}}.
  • {{{acceleration_from}}} is the initial speed of the roller coaster before acceleration, this parameter is optional defaulting to zero, it can be given in either mph or km/h, the value must be numeric.
  • {{{acceleration_mph}}} is the final speed of the roller coaster in mph, conversions to km/h will be given ({{{acceleration_from}}} will be assumed to be in mph also), the value must be numeric.
  • {{{acceleration_km/h}}}, similarly, is the final speed of the roller coaster in km/h, conversions to mph will be given ({{{acceleration_from}}} will be assumed to be in km/h), the value must be numeric.
  • {{{acceleration_in}}} in the number of seconds taken, the value does not have to be numeric.

gforce[édit sumber]

The maximum G force that riders experience during the ride.

restriction_ft, restriction_in, restriction_cm[édit sumber]

Height restriction, i.e. "You must be this tall to ride." Either

  1. give the height in feet and (or) inches using {{{restriction_ft}}}, {{{restriction_in}}} or
  2. give the height in centimeters using {{{restriction_cm}}}

All values must be entirely numeric. The template will automatically convert the values and display them in feet and inches and in centimeters.

rcdb_number[édit sumber]

The number in the URL (not the full URL) of the coaster's entry at the Roller Coaster Database. For example, Kingda Ka's RCDB page is http://www.rcdb.com/id2832.htm so the RCDB Number for Kingda Ka is 2832.

Microformat[édit sumber]

This template will put any page on which it is included into Category:Roller coasters (which is intended to be a list of all coaster articles on Wikipedia) as well as additional categories for type, manufacturer, and height range.