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This is a meta-module that provides various functions for making hatnotes. It implements the {{hatnote}} template, for use in hatnotes at the top of pages, and the {{format hatnote link}} template, which is used to format a wikilink for use in hatnotes. It also contains a number of helper functions for use in other Lua hatnote modules.

Use from wikitext[édit sumber]

The functions in this module cannot be used directly from #invoke, and must be used through templates instead. Please see Template:Hatnote and Template:Format link for documentation.

Use from other Lua modules[édit sumber]

To load this module from another Lua module, use the following code.

local mHatnote = require('Module:Hatnote')

You can then use the functions as documented below.

Hatnote[édit sumber]

mHatnote._hatnote(s, options)

Formats the string s as a hatnote. This encloses s in the tags <div class="hatnote">...</div>. Options are provided in the options table. Options include:

  • options.extraclasses - a string of extra classes to provide
  • options.selfref - if this is not nil or false, adds the class "selfref", used to denote self-references to Wikipedia (see Template:Selfref))

The CSS of the hatnote class is defined in MediaWiki:Common.css.

Example 1
mHatnote._hatnote('This is a hatnote.')

Produces: <div class="dablink">This is a hatnote.</div>

Displays as:

Example 2
mHatnote._hatnote('This is a hatnote.', {extraclasses = 'boilerplate seealso', selfref = true})

Produces: <div class="hatnote boilerplate seealso selfref">This is a hatnote.</div>

Displayed as:

Format link[édit sumber]

mHatnote._formatLink(link, display)

Formats link as a wikilink for display in hatnote templates, with optional display value display. Categories and files are automatically escaped with the colon trick, and links to sections are automatically formatted as page § section, rather than the MediaWiki default of page#section.

mHatnote._formatLink('Lion') → [[Lion]] → Citakan:Format hatnote link
mHatnote._formatLink('Lion#Etymology') → [[Lion#Etymology|Lion § Etymology]] → Citakan:Format hatnote link
mHatnote._formatLink('Category:Lions') → [[:Category:Lions]] → Citakan:Format hatnote link
mHatnote._formatLink('Lion#Etymology', 'Etymology of lion') → [[Lion#Etymology|Etymology of lion]] → Citakan:Format hatnote link

Format pages[édit sumber]


Formats a list of pages using the _formatLink function, and returns the result as an array. For example, the code mHatnote.formatPages('Lion', 'Category:Lions', 'Lion#Etymology') would produce an array like {'[[Lion]]', '[[:Category:Lions]]', '[[Lion#Etymology|Lion § Etymology]]'}.

Format page tables[édit sumber]


Takes a list of page/display tables, formats them with the _formatLink function, and returns the result as an array. Each item in the list must be a table. The first value in the table is the link, and is required. The second value in the table is the display value, and is optional. For example, the code mHatnote.formatPages({'Lion', 'the Lion article'}, {'Category:Lions'}, {'Lion#Etymology', 'the etymology of lion'}) would produce an array like {'[[Lion|the Lion article]]', '[[:Category:Lions]]', '[[Lion#Etymology|the etymology of lion]]'}.

Find namespace id[édit sumber]

mHatnote.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon)

Finds the namespace id of the string link, which should be a valid page name, with or without the section name. This function will not work if the page name is enclosed with square brackets. When trying to parse the namespace name, colons are removed from the start of the link by default. This is helpful if users have specified colons when they are not strictly necessary. If you do not need to check for initial colons, set removeColon to false.

mHatnote.findNamespaceId('Lion') → 0
mHatnote.findNamespaceId('Category:Lions') → 14
mHatnote.findNamespaceId(':Category:Lions') → 14
mHatnote.findNamespaceId(':Category:Lions', false) → 0 (the namespace is detected as ":Category", rather than "Category")

Make wikitext error[édit sumber]

mHatnote.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory)

Formats the string msg as a red wikitext error message, with optional link to a help page helpLink. Normally this function also adds Category:Hatnote templates with errors; however, if addTrackingCategory is not false after being passed through Module:Yesno, then the category is suppressed. This means that the category can be suppressed with addTrackingCategory values including "no", "n", 0, "false", and false.


mHatnote.makeWikitextError('an error has occurred')Error: an error has occurred.
mHatnote.makeWikitextError('an error has occurred', 'Template:Example#Errors')Error: an error has occurred (help).

Examples[édit sumber]

For examples of how this module is used in other Lua modules, see the following (listed in order of complexity):

--                              Module:Hatnote                                --
--                                                                            --
-- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It       --
-- implements the {{hatnote}} and {{format link}} meta-templates and includes --
-- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules.                            --

local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil')
local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType
local checkTypeForNamedArg = libraryUtil.checkTypeForNamedArg
local mArguments -- lazily initialise [[Module:Arguments]]
local yesno -- lazily initialise [[Module:Yesno]]

local p = {}

-- Helper functions

local function getArgs(frame)
	-- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and
	-- blanks are removed.
	mArguments = require('Module:Arguments')
	return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true})

local function removeInitialColon(s)
	-- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present.
	return s:match('^:?(.*)')

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon)
	-- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This
	-- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons
	-- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon
	-- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to false.
	checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string')
	checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true)
	if removeColon ~= false then
		link = removeInitialColon(link)
	local namespace = link:match('^(.-):')
	if namespace then
		local nsTable =[namespace]
		if nsTable then
	return 0

function p.formatPages(...)
	-- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil
	-- values are not allowed.
	local pages = {...}
	local ret = {}
	for i, page in ipairs(pages) do
		ret[i] = p._formatLink{link = page}
	return ret

function p.formatPageTables(...)
	-- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of
	-- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed.
	local pages = {...}
	local links = {}
	for i, t in ipairs(pages) do
		checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table')
		local link = t[1]
		local display = t[2]
		links[i] = p._formatLink{link = link, display = display}
	return links

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory, title)
	-- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If
	-- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from
	-- [[Module:Yesno]], and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category
	-- is added.
	checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string')
	checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true)
	yesno = require('Module:Yesno')
	title = title or mw.title.getCurrentTitle()
	-- Make the help link text.
	local helpText
	if helpLink then
		helpText = ' ([[' .. helpLink .. '|help]])'
		helpText = ''
	-- Make the category text.
	local category
	if not title.isTalkPage -- Don't categorise talk pages
		and title.namespace ~= 2 -- Don't categorise userspace
		and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false -- Allow opting out
		category = 'Hatnote templates with errors'
		category = string.format(
		category = ''
	return string.format(
		'<strong class="error">Error: %s%s.</strong>%s',

function p.disambiguate(page, disambiguator)
	-- Formats a page title with a disambiguation parenthetical,
	-- i.e. "Example" → "Example (disambiguation)".
	checkType('disambiguate', 1, page, 'string')
	checkType('disambiguate', 2, disambiguator, 'string', true)
	disambiguator = disambiguator or 'disambiguasi'
	return string.format('%s (%s)', page, disambiguator)

-- Format link
-- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped
-- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed
-- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in
-- the {{format link}} template.

function p.formatLink(frame)
	-- The formatLink export function, for use in templates.
	yesno = require('Module:Yesno')
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local link = args[1]
	if not link then
		return p.makeWikitextError(
			'tutumbu teu ditangtukeun',
			'Template:Format link#Errors',
	return p._formatLink{
		link = link,
		display = args[2],
		italicizePage = yesno(args.italicizepage),
		italicizeSection = yesno(args.italicizesection),

local function italicize(s)
	-- Italicize a string.
	return '<i>' .. s .. '</i>'

local function maybeItalicize(s, shouldItalicize)
	-- italicize s if s is a string and the shouldItalicize parameter is true.
	if s and shouldItalicize then
		return italicize(s)
		return s

local function parseLink(link)
	-- Parse a link and return a table with the link's components.
	-- These components are:
	-- - link: the link, stripped of any initial colon (always present)
	-- - page: the page name (always present)
	-- - section: the page name (may be nil)
	-- - display: the display text, if manually entered after a pipe (may be nil)
	link = removeInitialColon(link)

	-- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the {{!}} magic
	-- word.
	local prePipe, display = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$')
	link = prePipe or link

	-- Find the page, if it exists.
	-- For links like [[#Bar]], the page will be nil.
	local preHash, postHash = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$')
	local page
	if not preHash then
		-- We have a link like [[Foo]].
		page = link
	elseif preHash ~= '' then
		-- We have a link like [[Foo#Bar]].
		page = preHash

	-- Find the section, if it exists.
	local section
	if postHash and postHash ~= '' then
		section = postHash
	return {
		link = link,
		page = page,
		section = section,
		display = display,

function p._formatLink(options)
	-- The formatLink export function, for use in modules.
	checkType('_formatLink', 1, options, 'table')
	checkTypeForNamedArg('_formatLink', 'link',, 'string', false)

	local parsed = parseLink(
	local display = options.display or parsed.display
	-- Deal with the case where we don't have to pipe the link
	if not display and not parsed.section and not options.italicizePage then
		return string.format('[[:%s]]',
	-- Find the display text for piped links
	if not display then
		local page = maybeItalicize(, options.italicizePage)
		local section = maybeItalicize(parsed.section, options.italicizeSection)
		if not page then
			display = string.format('§&nbsp;%s', section)
		elseif section then
			display = string.format('%s §&nbsp;%s', page, section)
			display = page
	return string.format('[[:%s|%s]]',, display)

-- Hatnote
-- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the {{hatnote}} template.

function p.hatnote(frame)
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local s = args[1]
	local options = {}
	if not s then
		return p.makeWikitextError(
			'no text specified',
	options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses
	options.selfref = args.selfref
	return p._hatnote(s, options)

function p._hatnote(s, options)
	checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string')
	checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true)
	options = options or {}
	local classes = {'hatnote', 'navigation-not-searchable'}
	local extraclasses = options.extraclasses
	local selfref = options.selfref
	if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then
		classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses
	if selfref then
		classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref'
	return string.format(
		'<div role="note" class="%s">%s</div>',
		table.concat(classes, ' '),

return p