Pamisahan India

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Pamisahan India Britania didasarkeun kana agama mayoritas populasi, sacara umum digambarkeun dina peta taun 1909 ieu

Pamisahan India (Hindi-Urdu हिन्दुस्तान का बटवारा (Devanagari) تقسیم ہند (Nastaliq))[1] nyaéta pamisahan tina India Britania nu didasarkeun kana démografi agama. Pamisahan ieu ngarah kana dijieuna nagara daulat Dominion Pakistan (nu engkéna peupeus kana Républik Islam Pakistan jeung Républik Rahayat Bangladés) jeung Uni India. Undang-Undang Kamerdikaan India 1947 nangtukeun 15 Agustus 1947 salaku kaping awal pamisahan ieu. Tatapi, Pakistan geus aya sapoé saméméhna, 14 Agustus.

Pamisahan ieu ngawengku ogé pamisahan Propinsi Benggala kana Benggala Wétan, nu jadi bagian tina Dominion Pakistan (saprak 1956: Pakistan Wétan), sarta Benggala Kulon, nu jadi bagian tina India. Pamisahan lianna saperti Propinsi Punjab dibagi kana Punjab Kulon (jagana Punjab Pakistan jeung Daézrah Husus Ibu Kota Islamabad) sarta Punjab Wétan (jagana Punjab India, ogé Haryana jeung Himachal Pradesh). Pasatujuan kana pamisahan ieu ngawengku ogé babagian asét-asét pamaréntahan India, saperti Angkatan Darat Indian Britania, Angkatan Laut Karajaan India, perkarétaapian India, badan kauangan, sarta lembaga administratif séjénna.

Tingali ogé[édit | édit sumber]

Rujukan[édit | édit sumber]

  1. William Dwight Whitney (1906). The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia: Cyclopedia of names. Century Company. Diakses tanggal 17 June 2012. Hindustani. One of the languages of Hindustan, a form of Hindi which grew up in the camps of the Mohammedan conquerors of India, since the 11th century, as a medium of communication between them and the subject population of central Hindustan. It is more corrupted in form than Hindi, and abounds with Persian and Arabic words. It is the official language and means of general intercourse throughout nearly the whole peninsula. 

Bacaan salajengna[édit | édit sumber]

  • Ahmed, Ishtiaq. 2011. The Punjab Bloodied, Partitioned and Cleansed: Unravelling the 1947 Tragedy through Secret British Reports and First Person Account. New Delhi: RUPA Publications. 808 pages. ISBN 978-81-291-1862-2
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  • Butalia, Urvashi. 1998. The Other Side of Silence: Voices from the Partition of India. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 308 pages. ISBN 0-8223-2494-6
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  • Chakrabarty; Bidyut. 2004. The Partition of Bengal and Assam: Contour of Freedom (RoutledgeCurzon, 2004) online edition
  • Chatterji, Joya. 2002. Bengal Divided: Hindu Communalism and Partition, 1932—1947. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. 323 pages. ISBN 0-521-52328-1.
  • Chester, Lucy P. 2009. Borders and Conflict in South Asia: The Radcliffe Boundary Commission and the Partition of Punjab.[tumbu nonaktif] Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-7899-6.
  • Gilmartin, David. 1988. Empire and Islam: Punjab and the Making of Pakistan. Berkeley: University of California Press. 258 pages. ISBN 0-520-06249-3.
  • Gossman, Partricia. 1999. Riots and Victims: Violence and the Construction of Communal Identity Among Bengali Muslims, 1905–1947. Westview Press. 224 pages. ISBN 0-8133-3625-2
  • Hansen, Anders Bjørn. 2004. "Partition and Genocide: Manifestation of Violence in Punjab 1937–1947", India Reséarch Press. ISBN 978-81-87943-25-9.
  • Harris, Kenneth. Attlee (1982) pp 355–87
  • Hasan, Mushirul (2001), India's Partition: Process, Strategy and Mobilization, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 444 pages, ISBN 0-19-563504-3 .
  • Herman, Arthur. Gandhi & Churchill: The Epic Rivalry that Destroyed an Empire and Forged Our Age (2009)
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  • Jain, Jasbir (2007), Reading Partition, Living Partition, Rawat Publications, 338 pages, ISBN 81-316-0045-9 
  • Jalal, Ayesha (1993), The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 334 pages, ISBN 0-521-45850-1 
  • Kaur, Ravinder. 2007. "Since 1947: Partition Narratives among Punjabi Migrants of Delhi". Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-568377-6.
  • Khan, Yasmin (2007), The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 250 pages, ISBN 0-300-12078-8 
  • Khosla, G. D. Stern reckoning : a survey of the events leading up to and following the partition of India New Delhi: Oxford University Press:358 pages Published: February 1990 ISBN 0-19-562417-3
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  • Moon, Penderel. (1999). The British Conquest and Dominion of India (2 vol. 1256pp)
  • Moore, R.J. (1983). Escape from Empire: The Attlee Government and the Indian Problem, the standard history of the British position
  • Nair, Neeti. (2010) Changing Homelands: Hindu Politics and the Partition of India
  • Page, David, Anita Inder Singh, Penderel Moon, G. D. Khosla, and Mushirul Hasan. 2001. The Partition Omnibus: Prelude to Partition/the Origins of the Partition of India 1936-1947/Divide and Quit/Stern Reckoning. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-565850-7
  • Pal, Anadish Kumar. 2010. World Guide to the Partition of INDIA. Kindle Edition: Amazon Digital Services. 282 KB. ASIN B0036OSCAC
  • Pandey, Gyanendra. 2002. Remembering Partition:: Violence, Nationalism and History in India. Cambridge University Press. 232 pages. ISBN 0-521-00250-8 online edition
  • Panigrahi; D.N. 2004. India's Partition: The Story of Imperialism in Retreat London: Routledge. online edition
  • Raja, Masood Ashraf. Constructing Pakistan: Foundational Texts and the Rise of Muslim National Identity, 1857–1947, Oxford 2010, ISBN 978-0-19-547811-2
  • Raza, Hashim S. 1989. Mountbatten and the partition of India. New Delhi: Atlantic. ISBN 81-7156-059-8
  • Shaikh, Farzana. 1989. Community and Consensus in Islam: Muslim Representation in Colonial India, 1860—1947. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 272 pages. ISBN 0-521-36328-4.
  • Singh, Jaswant. (2011) Jinnah: India, Partition, Independence
  • Talbot, Ian and Gurharpal Singh (eds). 1999. Region and Partition: Bengal, Punjab and the Partition of the Subcontinent. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. 420 pages. ISBN 0-19-579051-0.
  • Talbot, Ian. 2002. Khizr Tiwana: The Punjab Unionist Party and the Partition of India. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. 216 pages. ISBN 0-19-579551-2.
  • Talbot, Ian. 2006. Divided Cities: Partition and Its Aftermath in Lahore and Amritsar. Oxford and Karachi: Oxford University Press. 350 pages. ISBN 0-19-547226-8.
  • Wolpert, Stanley. 2006. Shameful Flight: The Last Years of the British Empire in India. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. 272 pages. ISBN 0-19-515198-4.
  • Wolpert, Stanley. 1984. Jinnah of Pakistan

Visaria, Pravin M. 1969. "Migration Between India and Pakistan, 1951–61" Demography, 6(3):323–334.

  • Chopra, R. M., "The Punjab And Bengal", Calcutta, 1999.
Sumber utama
  • Mansergh, Nicholas, and Penderel Moon, eds. The Transfer of Power 1942–47 (12 vol., London: HMSO . 1970–83) comprehensive collection of British official and private documents
  • Moon, Penderel. (1998) Divide & Quit
Naskah populér
  • Collins, Larry and Dominique Lapierre: Freedom at Midnight. London: Collins, 1975. ISBN 0-00-638851-5
  • Zubrzycki, John. (2006) The Last Nizam: An Indian Prince in the Australian Outback. Pan Macmillan, Australia. ISBN 978-0-330-42321-2.
Memoar jeung sajarah lisan
  • Bonney, Richard; Hyde, Colin; Martin, John. "Legacy of Partition, 1947–2009: Creating New Archives from the Memories of Leicestershire People," Midland History, (Sept 2011), Vol. 36 Issue 2, pp 215–224
  • Azad, Maulana Abul Kalam: India Wins Freedom, Orient Longman, 1988. ISBN 81-250-0514-5
  • Mountbatten, Pamela. (2009) India Remembered: A Personal Account of the Mountbattens During the Transfer of Power

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