Amplitudo

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Amplitudo nyaéta gedé-leutikna atawa saeutik-lobana parobahan dina variabel nu ngarandapan osilasi (ayun ambing atawa puteran atawa kukurilingan) dina hiji sistem osilasi. Contona, gelombang sora mangrupakeun osilasi-osilasi dina tekenan atmosfir sarta amplitudona proporsional jeung parobahan dina tekenan salila osilasi. Lamun grafik sistem kasebut digambar kalayan variabel nu ngarandapan osilasi minangka sumbu vértikal sarta waktu minangka sumbu horizontal mangka amplitudo dimaksud bisa diukur sabagé jarak antara titik-titik dina kurva.

Konsép amplitudo[édit | sunting sumber]

Amplitudo puncak-ka-puncak[édit | sunting sumber]

Amplitudo puncak-ka-puncak dipake keur ngukur amplitudo ti punclut luhur tepi ka punclut panghandapna. Amplitudo puncak-ka-puncak bisa diukur make meteran ku rangkean nu cocog, atawa ku cara nempo wangun gelombangna dina osiloskop.

Panneau travaux.png Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.

Amplitudo Root Mean Square[édit | sunting sumber]

Root mean square(RMS) amplitude is used especially in electrical engineering: the RMS is defined as the square root of the mean over time of the square of the vertical distance of the graph from the rest state.

Ambiguitas amplitudo[édit | sunting sumber]

The use of peak amplitude is simple and unambiguous for symmetric, periodic waves, like a sine wave, a square wave, or a triangular wave. For an asymmetric wave (periodic pulses in one direction, for example), the peak amplitude becomes ambiguous because the value obtained is different depending on whether the maximum positive signal is measured relative to the mean, the maximum negative signal is measured relative to the mean, or the maximum positive signal is measured relative the maximum negative signal (the peak-to-peak amplitude) and then divided by two.

For complex waveforms, especially non-repeating signals like noise, the RMS amplitude is usually used because it is unambiguous and because it has physical significance. For example, the average power transmitted by an acoustic or electromagnetic wave or by an electrical signal is proportional to the square of the RMS amplitude (and not, in general, to the square of the peak amplitude).

Tegangan sinusoidal.
1 = Amplitudo (punclut),
2 = Punclut ka punclut,
3 = RMS,
4 = Période gelombang

When dealing with alternating current electrical power it is universal to specify RMS values of a sinusoidal waveform. It is important to recognize that the peak-to-peak voltage is nearly 3 times the RMS value when assessing safety, specifying components, etc.

Amplitudo pulsa[édit | sunting sumber]

In telecommunication, pulse amplitude is the magnitude of a pulse parameter, such as the field intensity, voltage level, current level, or power level.

Catetan 1: Pulse amplitude is measured with respect to a specified reference and therefore should be modified by qualifiers, such as "average", "instantaneous", "peak", or "root-mean-square."

Catetan 2: Pulse amplitude also applies to the amplitude of frequency- and phase-modulated waveform envelopes.

Sumber: ti Federal Standard 1037C

Amplitudo dina sasaruaan gelombang[édit | sunting sumber]

Dina sasaruaan gelombang

x = A \sin(t - K) + b\ ,

A nyaéta amplitudo gelombang.

Hijian[édit | sunting sumber]

Hijian amplitudo gumantung kana jenis gelombangna.

For waves on a string, or in medium such as water, the amplitude is a displacement.

The amplitude of sound waves and audio signals (also referred to as Volume) conventionally refers to the amplitude of the air pressure in the wave, but sometimes the amplitude of the displacement (movements of the air or the diaphragm of a speaker) is described. The logarithm of the amplitude squared is usually quoted in dB, so a null amplitude corresponds to - dB. Loudness is related to amplitude and intensity and is one of most salient qualities of a sound, although in general sounds can be recognized independently of amplitude. The square of the amplitude is proportional to the intensity of the wave.

For electromagnetic radiation, the amplitude of a photon corresponds to the changes in the electric field of the wave. However radio signals may be carried by electromagnetic radiation; the intensity of the radiation (amplitude modulation) or the frequency of the radiation (frequency modulation) is oscillated and then the individual oscillations are varied (modulated) to produce the signal.

Wangun gelombang jeung amplitudo[édit | sunting sumber]

The amplitude may be constant (in which case the wave is a continuous wave) or may vary with time and/or position. The form of the variation of amplitude is called the envelope of the wave.

If the waveform is a pure sine wave, the relationships between peak-to-peak, peak, mean, and RMS amplitudes are fixed and known, but this is not true for an arbitrary waveform which may or may not be periodic.

For a sine wave the relationship between RMS and peak-to-peak amplitude is:


\mbox{Peak-to-peak} = 2 \sqrt{2} \times \mbox{RMS} \approx 2.8 \times \mbox{RMS}. \,

Rujukan[édit | sunting sumber]

Tempo ogé[édit | sunting sumber]