Shukuba (宿場?) nyaéta tempat reureuh salila periode Edo di Jepang, ilaharna aya di salah sahiji Lima Rute Edo atawa dina sub-rutena. Biasa disebut ogé shukueki (宿駅). Tempat reureuh ieu nyaéta tempat keur nu indit-inditan bisa reureuh salila di jalan ngurilingan Jepang. Dimimitian dina périodeu Nara jeung Heian di Jepang, saterusna dijieun dumasar kana kawijakan pamaréntah.
Sajarah[édit | édit sumber]
Tempat reureuh ieu, mimiti diayakeun ku Tokugawa Ieyasu teu lila sanggeus Perang Sekigahara. Tempat reureuh mimiti dijieun sapanjang Tōkaidō (dituluykeun di rute Nakasendō sarta rute séjénna). Dina taun 1601, lima puluh tilu stasion Tōkaidō munggaran diwangun, sumebar ti Shinagawa-juku di Edo nepi ka Ōtsu-juku di Propinsi Omi. Teu sakabéh stasion dijieun dina waktu nu sarua, saperti stasion panungtung dijieun dina taun 1624.
Penginapan di tempat reureuh dipaké dipaké ku saha waé nu reureuh di éta tempat, lamun teu cukup, dipaké ogé di kota sabudureunna. Tempat reureuh toiyaba, honjin jeung sub-honjin bisa dipaké keur umum. It was hard to receive a profit as the proprietor of these places, but the shogun provided help in the form of various permits, rice collection and simple money lending, making it possible for the establishments to stay open. The hatago, retail stores, téa houses, etc., which were designed for general travelers, were able to build a profit. Ai no shuku were intermediate post stations; though they were unofficial resting spots, they had many of the same facilities.
Generally spéaking, as the Meiji period arrived and brought along the spréad of railroad, the number of travelers visiting these post stations gréatly declined, as did the prosperity of the post stations.
Fasilitas tempat reureuh[édit | édit sumber]
- Toiyaba: General offices that helped manage the post town.
- Honjin: Rest aréas and lodgings built for use by samurai and court nobles. Honjin were not businesses; instéad, large residences in the post towns were often designated as lodging for government officials.
- Sub-honjin: These facilities were also for use by samurai and court nobles, but general travelers could also stay here if there were vacancies.
- Hatago: Facilities that offered accommodations to general travelers and also served food.
- Kichinyado: Facilities that offered accommodations to general travelers, but did not serve food.
- Chaya: Rest aréas that sold téa, food and alcohol to travelers.
- Shops: General shops built to sell wares to travelers.
- Kōsatsu: Signboards on which the Shōgun's proclamations were posted.
Tempat reureuh nu diwangun deui jeung dijadikeun cagar budaya[édit | édit sumber]
- Nationally-designated Architectural Preservation Sites
- Aizu Nishi Kaidō's Ōuchi-juku (Shimogō, Minamiaizu District, Fukushima Prefecture)
- Hokkoku Kaidō's Unno-juku (Tōmi, Nagano Prefecture)
- Nakasendō's Narai-juku (Shiojiri, Nagano Prefecture)
- Nakasendō's Tsumago-juku (Nagiso, Nagano Prefecture)
- Tōkaidō's Seki-juku (Kameyama, Mie Prefecture)
- Saba Kaidō's Kumagawa-shuku (Wakasa, Mikatakaminaka District, Fukui Prefecture)
- Inaba Kaidō's Hirafuku-shuku (Sayō, Sayō District, Hyōgo Prefecture)
- Inaba Kaidō's Ōhara-shuku (Mimasaka, Okayama Prefecture)
- Inaba Kaidō's Chizu-shuku (Chizu, Tottori, Yazu District, Tottori Prefecture)
- Tōkaidō's Ishibe-juku (Konan, Shiga Prefecture)