Patempuran Stalingrad

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Koordinat: 48°42′N 44°31′E / 48.700°N 44.517°E / 48.700; 44.517

Patempuran Stalingrad
Bagian ti Front Wétan ti Perang Dunya II
German pows stalingrad 1943.jpg
Tentara Jérman digiring ka kamp tawanan Soviét, liwat raruntuhan gudang béas di Stalingrad, Pébruari 1943
Tanggal 23 Agustus 19422 Pébruari 1943[1]1
Lokasi Stalingrad, Uni Soviét
Hasil Soviét meunang
Nu perang
Jérman Nazi Jérman

Flag of Karajaan Romania Romania
Bandéra Karajaan Italia Italia
Bandéra Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungaria
Bandéra Independent State of Croatia Kroasia

Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg Uni Soviét
Komandan
Jérman Nazi Adolf Hitler

Jérman Nazi Erich von Manstein
Jérman Nazi Friedrich Paulus White flag icon.svg
Jérman Nazi Hermann Hoth
Jérman Nazi Wolfram von Richthofen
Karajaan Romania Petre Dumitrescu
Karajaan Romania C. Constantinescu
Karajaan Italia Italo Gariboldi
Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946) Gusztáv Vitéz Jány
Independent State of Croatia Viktor Pavičić-

Uni Soviét Joseph Stalin

Uni Soviét Georgy Zhukov
Uni Soviét Nikolay Voronov
Uni Soviét A.M. Vasilevsky
Uni Soviét Andrei Yeremenko
Uni Soviét Nikita Khrushchev
Uni Soviét K.K. Rokossovsky
Uni Soviét Nikolai Vatutin
Uni Soviét Vasily Chuikov

Kakiatan
Grup Tentara B:
Tentara Kagenep Jérman #
Grup Panser Kaopat Jérman
Tentara Katilu Romania
Tentara Kaopat Romania
Tentara Kadalapan Italia
Tentara Kadua Hongaria

Rincian:
270.000 urang
3.000 artileri
500 tank
600 pesawat, 1.600 (patengahan Séptémber, Luftflotte 4)[2][3]

Nalika tarajangan balik Soviét:
1.011.000 urang
10.250 artileri
675 tank
732 (402 operasional) pesawat[2][4]:87
Front Stalingrad
Front Kidul-Kulon
Front Don
Rincian:
187.000 urang
2.200 artileri
400 tank
300 pesawat[3]

Nalika tarajangan balik Soviét: 1.103.000 urang
15.501 artileri
1.463 tank
1.115 pesawat[2]
Korban
750.000 pupus atanapi cedera
91.000 katéwak
Pesawat: 900 (kaasup 274 pangangkut jeung 165 pangabom dipaké salaku pesawat angkut)[3]
Total: 841.000 korban
478.741 pupus atanapi leungit
650.878 cedera
40.000+ wargi sipil katelas
4.341 tank
15.728 pakarang jeung mortir
2.769 pesawat tempur [5]
Total: 1.129.619 korban
1 Patempuran Stalingrad: Soviét meunang, leuwih 11.000 pasukan Poros ngalajengkeun patempuran nepi ka awal Maret 1943.

Patempuran Stalingrad, nu lumangsung dina 23 Agustus 1942 nepi ka 2 Pébruari 1943, mangrupa patempuran antara Jérman jeung sakutuna ngalawan Uni Soviét, marebutkeun kota Stalingrad, dina Perang Dunya II. Patempuran ieu dianggap salaku titik balik Perang Dunya II. Patempuran ieu kasusun ti sababaraha fase, nyaéta pangepungan Jérman kana Stalingrad, patempuran jero kota, tarajangan balik Soviét, sarta pangepungan jeung pangancuran kakiatan-kakiatan Poros di sadeukeuteun Stalingrad, anu disokong ku Tentara Kagenep Jérman[6][7].

Tingali ogé[édit | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[édit | sunting sumber]

Catetan suku[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. Encyclopedia Britannica Online, 6 Méi 2009.
  2. a b c Kakiatan tumuwuh nepi ka 1.600 dina awal Séptémber kalawan pangabagian kakiatan ti daérah Kuban jeung Kaukasus Kidul: Hayward 1998, hal. 195
  3. a b c Bergstrom2007
  4. Bergstrom 2005
  5. Россия и СССР в войнах ХХ века - Потери вооружённых сил, Rusia jeung Uni Soviét dina perang abad ka-20 - Kaéléhan kakiatan angkatan pakarang, Moskow, Olma-Press, 2001. (en) [1]
  6. Blanning, T. C. W.. The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern Europe, 219.
  7. Roberts, Geoffrey. Stalin's Wars, 154.

Pustaka[édit | sunting sumber]

  • Baird, Jay W, (1969), Journal of Contemporary History, The Myth of Stalingrad, Sage Publications, Ltd.
  • Bernig,Jorg (1997). Eingekesselt: Die Schlacht um Stalingrad im deutschsprachigen Roman nach 1945: (German Life and Civilization Journal No 23), : Peter Lang publishers.
  • Clark, Alan (1965). Barbarossa: the Russian-German conflict OCLC 154155228
  • Craig, William (1973). Enemy at the Gates: The Battle for Stalingrad New York: Penguin Books (paperback, ISBN 0-14-200000-0)
  • Dibold, Hans (2001) Doctor at Stalingrad. Littleton, CO: Aberdeen, (hardcover, ISBN 0-9713852-1-1).
  • Einsiedel, Heinrich Graf von; Wieder, Joachim. Stalingrad: Memories and Reassessments. New York: Sterling Publishing, 1998 (paperback, ISBN 1-85409-460-2); London: Cassell, 2003 (paperback, ISBN 0-304-36338-3).
  • Erickson, John. The Road to Stalingrad: Stalin's War with Germany, Vol. 1. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1984 (hardcover, ISBN 0-86531-744-5); New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1985 (hardcover, ISBN 0-586-06408-7); New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 1999 (paperback, ISBN 0-300-07812-9); London: Cassell, 2003 (paperback, ISBN 0-304-36541-6).
  • Golovanov, A.Ye.(2004) Dalnyaya bombardirovochnaya. Delta NB, Moscow.
  • Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1994). No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II New York: Simon & Schuster (paperback, ISBN 0-671-64240-5)
  • Holl, Adelbert. (2005) An Infantryman In Stalingrad: From 24 September 1942 to 2 February 1943. Pymble, NSW, Australia: Leaping Horseman Books (hardcover, ISBN 0-9751076-1-5).
  • Hoyt, Edwin Palmer. (1999) 199 Days: The Battle for Stalingrad. New York: A Forge Book, (paperback, ISBN 0-312-86853-7).
  • Jones, Michael K. (2007) Stalingrad: How the Red Army Survived the German Onslaught. Drexel Hill, PA: Casemate, (hardcover, ISBN 978-1-932033-72-4)
  • MacDonald, John. (1986) Great Battles of World War II. London: Michael Joseph books.
  • Manstein, Erich von; Powell, Anthony G. (Ed. & Trans.); Liddell Hart, B. H. (Preface); Blumenson, Martin (Introduction) (2004). Lost Victories: The War Memoirs of Hitler's Most Brilliant General. St. Paul, MN: Zenith Press. ISBN 0-7603-2054-3.
  • Mayer, SL & Taylor, AJP (1974). History of World War II. London: Octopus Books. ISBN 0-7064-0399-1 & ISBN 978-0-7064-0399-2
  • Raus, Erhard. Panzer Operations: The Eastern Front Memoir of General Raus, 1941–1945, compiled and translated by Steven H. Newton. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2003 (hardcover, ISBN 0-306-81247-9); 2005 (paperback, ISBN 0-306-81409-9).
  • Rayfield, Donald. Stalin and His Hangmen: The Tyrant and Those Who Killed for Him. New York: Random House, 2004 (hardcover, ISBN 0-375-50632-2); 2005 (paperback, ISBN 0-375-75771-6).
  • Roberts, Geoffrey. (2002) Victory at Stalingrad: The Battle that Changed History. New York: Longman, (paperback, ISBN 0-582-77185-4).
  • Samsonov A.M., (1989) Stalingrad Battle, 4th ed. re-edited and added-to, Moscow, Science publishing. Basa Rusia: Самсонов А.М. Сталинградская битва, 4-е изд., испр. и доп.— М.: Наука, 1989. (in Russian)
  • Shirer, William L. (1960). The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany New York: Simon & Schuster.
  • Snyder, David R. (2005). Review in The Journal of Military History 69 (1), 265–266.
  • Taylor, A.J.P. and Mayer, S.L., eds. (1974) A History Of World War Two. London: Octopus Books. ISBN 0-7064-0399-1.

Tumbu kaluar[édit | sunting sumber]

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