Dinasti Qajar

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Nagara Ageung Pérsia
دولت علیّه ایران
Dowlat-e Eliyye-ye Irân
Kakaisaran

1785–1925
Bandéra Lambang
Lagu kabangsaan
Salâmati-ye Shâh
Peta Iran di handapeun Dinasti Qajar dina abad ka-19.
Ibu kota Tehran
Basa Basa Pérsia (pustaka, administratif, kabudayaan, resmi)[1][2]
Basa Turki (basa utama pangadilan)[3]
Pamaréntahan Monarki absolut nepi ka 1906

Monarki konstitusional nepi ka 1925

Shah
 - 1794-1797 Mohammad Khan Qajar (first)
 - 1909-1925 Ahmad Shah Qajar (last)
Perdana Mentri
 - 1906 Mirza Nasrullah Khan (first)
 - 1923-1925 Reza Pahlavi (last)
Sajarah
 - Mimitina Dinasti Qajar 1785
 - Pajangjian Gulistan 1813
 - Pajangjian Turkmenchay 1828
 - Révolusi Konstitusi 1906
 - Mimitina Dinasti Pahlavi 1925
Mata uang Toman
Ayeuna bagian ti Bandéra Apganistan Apganistan
Bandéra Arménia Arménia
Bandéra Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
Bandéra Géorgia Géorgia
Bandéra Iran Iran
Bandéra Pakistan Pakistan
Bandéra Rusia Rusia
Bandéra Turkménistan Turkménistan
Bandéra Turki Turki

Dinasti Qajar (Qajar ) (basa Pérsia: سلسله قاجاریه - atanapi دودمان قاجار, kawanoh ogé salaku Ghajar atanapi Kadjar) nyaéta hiji kulawargi karajaan Iran tina katurunan Turk[1][4] anu ngawasaan Pérsia (Iran) saprak 1785 nepi ka 1925.[5][6] Kulawargi Qajar nyekel kakawasaan pinuh kana Iran dina 1794, nyingkirkeun Lotf 'Ali Khan, ti Dinasti Zand. Dina 1796, Mohammad Khan Qajar sacara resmi diistrénan minangka shah.[7]

Tingali ogé[édit | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. a b Homa Katouzian, "State and Society in Iran: The Eclipse of the Qajars and the Emergence of the Pahlavis", Published by I.B.Tauris, 2006. pg 327: "In post-Islamic times, the mother-tongue of Iran's rulers was often Turkic, but Persian was almost invariably the cultural and administrative language"
  2. Homa Katouzian, "Iranian history and politics", Published by Routledge, 2003. pg 128: "Indeed, since the formation of the Ghaznavids state in the 10th century until the fall of Qajars at the beginning of the 20th century, most parts of the Iranian cultural regions were ruled by Turkic-speaking dynasties most of the time. At the same time, the official language was Persian, the court literature was in Persian, and most of the chancellors, ministers, and mandarins were Persian speakers of the highest learning and ability"
  3. (1984) "Modern Persian Prose (1920s-1940s)" Critical perspectives on modern Persian literature, Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press. "cited in Babak, Vladimir; Vaisman, Demian; Wasserman, Aryeh. "Political Organization in Central Asia and Azerbaijan": During most of the Qajar rule, Turkish was the principal language spoken at the court, while Persian was the predominantly literary language."
  4. William Bayne Fisher. Cambridge History of Iran, Cambridge University Press, 1993, p. 344, ISBN 0521200946
  5. Abbas Amanat, The Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831-1896, I.B.Tauris, pp 2-3; "In the 126 years between the fall of the Safavid state in 1722 and the accession of Nasir al-Din Shah, the Qajars evolved from a shepherd-warrior tribe with strongholds in northern Iran into a Persian dynasty.."
  6. Choueiri, Youssef M., A companion to the history of the Middle East, (Blackwell Ltd., 2005), 231,516.
  7. Qajar Dynasty on Encyclopædia Britannica

Tumbu kaluar[édit | sunting sumber]

Kulawargi Qâjâr
Diwangun: 1794
Lungsur tahta: 1925
Saméméhna
Kulawargi Zand
Kulawargi pangawasa Iran
1794-1925
Sanggeusna
Kulawargi Pahlavi

Citakan:Empires Citakan:Iran topics


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