HSUPA

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Standar
telepon mobil jeung data
Kulawarga GSM / UMTS
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Kulawarga cdmaOne / CDMA2000
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HSUPA (singketan tina kecap-kecap bahasa Inggris High-Speed Uplink Packet Access) ngarupakeun salasahiji protokol telepon mobil 3G anu kawengku ku kulawarga standar HSPA kalayan laju data up-link bisa nepi ka 5.76 Mbit/s. Ngaran HSUPA dijieun ku Nokia. 3GPP sorangan henteu ngagunakeun ngaran 'HSUPA', tapi maké ngaran Enhanced Uplink (EUL).[1]

Spésifikasi pikeun HSUPA aya dina jero standar UMTS Release 6 anu dikaluarkeun ku 3GPP. – "Tujuan tina dijieunna pasaratan Enhanced Uplink nyaéta pikeun ngahadéan unjuk gawé kanal transpor pikeun uplink, nyaéta pikeun ningkatkeun daya muat (kapasitas) jeung throughput sarta ngurangan waktu tunda (delay)."

Panneau travaux.png Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.

HSUPA uses an uplink enhanced dedicated channel (E-DCH) on which it will employ link adaptation methods similar to those employed by HSDPA, namely:

Similarly to HSDPA, HSUPA uses a packet scheduler, but it operates on a request-grant principle where the UEs request a permission to send data and the scheduler decides when and how many UEs will be allowed to do so. A request for transmission contains data about the state of the transmission buffer and the queue at the UE and its available power margin. However, unlike HSDPA, uplink transmissions are not orthogonal to each other.

In addition to this scheduled mode of transmission the standards also allows a self-initiated transmission mode from the UEs, denoted non-scheduled. The non-scheduled mode can, for example, be used for VoIP services for which even the reduced TTI and the Node-B based scheduler will not be able to provide the very short delay time and constant bandwidth required.

Each MAC-d flow (i.e. QoS flow) is configured to use either scheduled or non-scheduled modes; the UE adjusts the data rate for scheduled and non-scheduled flows independently. The maximum data rate of each non-scheduled flow is configured at call setup, and typically not changed frequently. The power used by the scheduled flows is controlled dynamically by the Node-B through absolute grant (consisting of an actual value) and relative grant (consisting of a single up/down bit) messages.

At Layer 1, HSUPA introduces new physical channels E-AGCH (Access Grant Channel), E-DCH Relative Grant Channel, F-DPCH (Fractional-DPCH), E-HICH (E-DCH Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel), E-DPCCH (E-DCH Dedicated Physical Control Channel) and E-DPDCH (E-DCH Dedicated Physical Data Channel).

E-DPDCH is used to carry the E-DCH Transport Channel; and E-DPCCH is used to carry the control information associated with the E-DCH.

Vérsi[édit | sunting sumber]

Tabel di handap mangrupakeun tabel laju uplink keur kategori-kategori HSUPA nu beda.

Kategori HSUPA Laju Uplink maksimum
Kategori 1 0.73 Mbit/det
Kategori 2 1.46 Mbit/det
Kategori 3 1.46 Mbit/det
Kategori 4 2.93 Mbit/det
Kategori 5 2.00 Mbit/det
Kategori 6 5.76 Mbit/det
Kategori 7 (3GPP Rel7) 11.5 Mbit/det

Roadmap[édit | sunting sumber]

After HSUPA the 3GPP is working on further advancing transfer rates. The HSOPA will provide up to 100 Mbit/s for downlink and 50 Mbit/s for uplink.

Adoption[édit | sunting sumber]

(not updated)

Devices[édit | sunting sumber]

Some triband (850/1900/2100 MHz) HSUPA devices are already available:

See also[édit | sunting sumber]

References[édit | sunting sumber]

  • Harri Holma and Antti Toskala (2006). HSDPA/HSUPA for UMTS: High Speed Radio Access for Mobile Communications.


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