Runtuyan Kaisar Jepang

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Jepang
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Di handap ieu runtuyan Kaisar-kaisar Jepang. Tanggal keur 28 kaisar mimiti jeung hususna 16 mimiti, nyaeta dumasar kana sistim Kalénder Jepang. Ieu henteu siga nagara bagean Jepang nu diwangun dina taun 660 SM; tempo oge Yamato period, Himiko. Runtuyan ngaran Jepang sejen atau ngaran kaisar sejenna (追尊天皇, 尊称天皇, 異説に天皇とされる者, 天皇に準ずる者, 自称天皇) bisa ditempo dina kaca wikipedia Basa Jepang ja:天皇の一覧

# Kawasa Ngaran kakawasaan Ngaran pribadi Catetan
Legendary Emperors
1 660 SM nepi ka 585 SM Emperor Jimmu Kamuyamato Iwarebiko Presumed Legendary; claimed descent from the sun goddess, Amaterasu[1]
2 581 SM nepi ka 549 SM Emperor Suizei Kamu Nunagawamimi no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[2]
3 549 SM nepi ka 511 SM Emperor Annei Shikitsuhiko Tamademi no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[3]
4 510 SM nepi ka 476 SM Emperor Itoku Oho Yamatohiko Sukitomo no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[4]
5 475 SM nepi ka 393 SM Emperor Kōshō Mimatsuhiko Kaesine no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[5]
6 392 SM nepi ka 291 SM Emperor Kōan Oho Yamato Tarasihiko Kuniosi Hito no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[6]
7 290 SM nepi ka 215 SM Emperor Kōrei Oho Yamato Nekohiko Futoni no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[7]
8 214 SM nepi ka 158 SM Emperor Kōgen Oho Yamato Nekohiko Kuni Kuru no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[8]
9 157 SM nepi ka 98 SM Emperor Kaika Waka Yamato Nekohiko Oho Bibino no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[9]
10 97 SM nepi ka 30 SM Emperor Sujin Mimaki Irihiko Inie no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[10]
11 29 SM nepi ka 70 Emperor Suinin Ikume Irihiko Isatsi no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[11]
12 71 nepi ka 130 Emperor Keikō Oho Tarasihiko Osirowake no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[12]
13 131 nepi ka 191 Emperor Seimu Waka Tarsihiko Presumed Legendary.[13]
14 192 nepi ka 200 Emperor Chūai Tarasi Nakatsuhiko no Mikoto Presumed Legendary.[14]
201 nepi ka 269 Empress Jingū Okinaga Tarashihime no Mikoto Presumed Legendary; interregnum.[15]
Yamato Period (Kofun Period)
15 270 nepi ka 310 Emperor Ōjin Fondano Miko no Mikoto / Otomowake no Mikoto / Humudawake no Mikoto Last proto-historical emperor, deified as Hachiman.[16]
16 313 nepi ka 399 Emperor Nintoku Oho Sazaki no Mikoto Inaccurate dates.[17]
17 400 nepi ka 405 Emperor Richū Isaho Wake no Mikoto Inaccurate dates.[18]
18 406 nepi ka 410 Emperor Hanzei Misu wa Wake no Mikoto Inaccurate dates.[19]
19 411 nepi ka 453 Emperor Ingyō Wo Asazuma Wakugo no Sukune Inaccurate dates.[20]
20 453 nepi ka 456 Emperor Ankō Anaho no Mikoto Inaccurate dates.[21]
21 456 nepi ka 479 Emperor Yūryaku Oho Hatsuneno no Mikoto Inaccurate dates.[22]
22 480 nepi ka 484 Emperor Seinei Siraga Takehiro Kuni Osi Wakai Yamato Neko no Mikoto Inaccurate dates.[23]
23 485 nepi ka 487 Emperor Kenzō Ohoke no Mikoto Inaccurate dates.[24]
24 488 nepi ka 498 Emperor Ninken Ohosi(Ohosu) no Mikoto/ Simano Iratsuko Inaccurate dates.[25]
25 498 nepi ka 506 Emperor Buretsu Wohatsuse Wakasazaki Inaccurate dates.[26]
26 507 nepi ka 531 Emperor Keitai Ōto/Hikofuto (Hikofuto no Mikoto/Ōdo no Sumera Mikoto) Possible founder of new dynasty.[27]
27 531 nepi ka 535 Emperor Ankan Hirokuni Oshitake Kanahi no Mikoto Inaccurate dates.[28]
28 535 nepi ka 539 Emperor Senka Takeo Hirokuni Oshitate no Mikoto Inaccurate dates.[29]
Asuka period (592-710)
29 539 nepi ka 571 Emperor Kimmei Amekuni Oshiharuki Hironiwa no Sumera Mikoto Traditional dates.[30]
30 572 nepi ka 585 Emperor Bidatsu Osada no Nunakura no Futotamashiki no Mikoto Traditional dates.[31]
31 585 nepi ka 587 Emperor Yōmei Ooe/Tachibana no Toyohi no Sumera Mikoto Traditional dates.[32]
32 587 nepi ka 592 Emperor Sushun Hatsusebe no (Wakasasagi) Mikoto Traditional dates.[33]
33 592 nepi ka 628 Empress Suiko Nukatabe/Toyomike Kashikiyahime First non-legendary female emperor (Prince Shotoku acted as her regent); traditional dates.[34]
34 629 nepi ka 641 Emperor Jomei Tamura (Oki Nagatarashihi Hironuka no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates.[35]
35 642 nepi ka 645 Empress Kōgyoku Takara (Ame Toyotakaraikashi Hitarashi Hime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates,[36] reigned twice
36 645 nepi ka 654 Emperor Kōtoku Karu (Ame Yorozu Toyohi no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates.[37]
37 655 nepi ka 661 Empress Saimei -- See 35 above-- traditional dates.[38]
38 661 nepi ka 672 Emperor Tenji Katsuragi/Nakano-ooe (Ame Mikoto Hirakasuwake no Mikoto/Amatsu Mikoto Sakiwake no Mikoto) Traditional dates.[39]
39 672 Emperor Kōbun Ōtomo Posthumously named (1870),[40] usurped by Temmu
40 672 nepi ka 686 Emperor Temmu Ōama/Ohoshiama/Ōsama (Ame no Nunahara Oki no Mahito no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates.[41]
41 686 nepi ka 697 Empress Jitō Unonosarara (Takama no Harahiro no Hime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates.[42]
42 697 nepi ka 707 Emperor Mommu Karu (Ame no Mamune Toyoohoji no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates.[43]
43 707 nepi ka 715 Empress Gemmei Ahe (Yamatoneko Amatsu Mishiro Toyokuni Narihime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates.[44]
Nara Period (710-794)
44 715 nepi ka 724 Empress Genshō Hidaka/Niinomi (Yamatoneko Takamizu Kiyotarashi Hime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates.[45]
45 724 nepi ka 749 Emperor Shōmu Obito (Ameshirushi Kunioshiharuki Toyosakurahiko no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates.[46]
46 749 nepi ka 758 Empress Kōken Abe (Yamatoneko no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates,[47] reigned twice
47 758 nepi ka 764 Emperor Junnin Ōi Posthumously named (1870),[48] dethroned by Shōtoku
48 764 nepi ka 770 Empress Shōtoku -- See 46 above -- traditional dates.[49]
49 770 nepi ka 781 Emperor Kōnin Shirakabe (Amemune Takatsugi no Mikoto) Traditional dates.[50]
Periode Heian (794-1192)
50 781 nepi ka 806 Emperor Kammu Yamabe (Yamatoneko Amatsu Hitsugi Iyaderi no Mikoto) Traditional dates.[51]
51 806 nepi ka 809 Emperor Heizei Ate (Yamatoneko Ameoshikuni Takahiko no Mikoto) Traditional dates.[52]
52 809 nepi ka 823 Emperor Saga Kamino Traditional dates.[53]
53 823 nepi ka 833 Emperor Junna Ōtomo Traditional dates.[54]
54 833 nepi ka 850 Emperor Ninmyō Masara Traditional dates.[55]
55 850 nepi ka 858 Emperor Montoku Michiyasu Traditional dates.[56]
56 858 nepi ka 876 Emperor Seiwa Korehito Traditional dates.[57]
57 876 nepi ka 884 Emperor Yōzei Sadaakira Traditional dates.[58]
58 884 nepi ka 887 Emperor Kōkō Tokiyasu Traditional dates.[59]
59 887 nepi ka 897 Emperor Uda Sadami Traditional dates.[60]
60 897 nepi ka 930 Emperor Daigo Atsuhito Traditional dates.[61]
61 930 nepi ka 946 Emperor Suzaku Yutaakira Traditional dates.[62]
62 946 nepi ka 967 Emperor Murakami Nariakira Traditional dates.[63]
63 967 nepi ka 969 Emperor Reizei Norihira Traditional dates.[64]
64 969 nepi ka 984 Emperor En'yū Morihira Traditional dates.[65]
65 984 nepi ka 986 Emperor Kazan Morosada Traditional dates.[66]
66 986 nepi ka 1011 Emperor Ichijō Yasuhito/Kanehito Traditional dates.[67]
67 1011 nepi ka 1016 Emperor Sanjō Okisada/Iyasada Traditional dates.[68]
68 1016 nepi ka 1036 Emperor Go-Ichijō Atsuhira Traditional dates.[69]
69 1036 nepi ka 1045 Emperor Go-Suzaku Atsunaga/Atsuyoshi Traditional dates.[70]
70 1045 nepi ka 1068 Emperor Go-Reizei Chikahito Traditional dates.[71]
71 1068 nepi ka 1073 Emperor Go-Sanjō Takahito Traditional dates.[72]
72 1073 nepi ka 1086 Emperor Shirakawa Sadahito Traditional dates.[73]
73 1087 nepi ka 1107 Emperor Horikawa Taruhito Traditional dates.[74]
74 1107 nepi ka 1123 Emperor Toba Munehito Traditional dates.[75]
75 1123 nepi ka 1142 Emperor Sutoku Akihito Traditional dates.[76]
76 1142 nepi ka 1155 Emperor Konoe Narihito Traditional dates.[77]
77 1155 nepi ka 1158 Emperor Go-Shirakawa Masahito Traditional dates.[78]
78 1158 nepi ka 1165 Emperor Nijō Morihito Traditional dates.[79]
79 1165 nepi ka 1168 Emperor Rokujō Yorihito Traditional dates.[80]
80 1168 nepi ka 1180 Emperor Takakura Norihito Traditional dates.[81]
81 1180 nepi ka 1185 Emperor Antoku Tokihito Traditional dates.[82]
82 1183 nepi ka 1198 Emperor Go-Toba Takahira Traditional dates.[83]
Kamakura Period (1192-1333)
83 1198 nepi ka 1210 Emperor Tsuchimikado Tamehito Traditional dates.[84]
84 1210 nepi ka 1221 Emperor Juntoku Morihira/Morinari Traditional dates.[85]
85 1221 Emperor Chūkyō Kanehira/Kanenari Pothumously named (1870).[86] unthroned
86 1221 nepi ka 1232 Emperor Go-Horikawa Yutahito Traditional dates.[87]
87 1232 nepi ka 1242 Emperor Shijō Mitsuhito/Hidehito Traditional dates.[88]
88 1242 nepi ka 1246 Emperor Go-Saga Kunihito Traditional dates.[89]
89 1246 nepi ka 1260 Emperor Go-Fukakusa Hisahito Traditional dates.[90]
90 1260 nepi ka 1274 Emperor Kameyama Tsunehito Traditional dates.[91]
91 1274 nepi ka 1287 Emperor Go-Uda Yohito Traditional dates.[92]
92 1287 nepi ka 1298 Emperor Fushimi Hirohito Traditional dates.[93]
93 1298 nepi ka 1301 Emperor Go-Fushimi Tanehito Traditional dates.[94]
94 1301 nepi ka 1308 Emperor Go-Nijō Kuniharu Traditional dates.[95]
95 1308 nepi ka 1318 Emperor Hanazono Tomihito Traditional dates.[96]
96 1318 nepi ka 1339 Emperor Go-Daigo Takaharu [97] Southern Court
Northern Court
1331 nepi ka 1333 Emperor Kōgon Kazuhito [98]
1336 nepi ka 1348 Emperor Kōmyō Yutahito [99]
1348 nepi ka 1351 Emperor Sukō Okihito [100]
1351 nepi ka 1352 Interregnum
1352 nepi ka 1371 Emperor Go-Kōgon Iyahito [101]
1371 nepi ka 1382 Emperor Go-En'yū Ohito [102]
1382 nepi ka 1392 Emperor Go-Komatsu -- See 100 below -- reunified courts in 1392 [103]
Periode Muromachi (1392-1573)
97 1339 nepi ka 1368 Emperor Go-Murakami Norinaga/Noriyoshi [104] Southern Court
98 1368 nepi ka 1383 Emperor Chōkei Yutanari [105] Southern Court
99 1383 nepi ka 1392 Emperor Go-Kameyama Hironari [106] Southern Court
100 1392 nepi ka 1412 Emperor Go-Komatsu Motohito [107]
101 1412 nepi ka 1428 Emperor Shōkō Mihito [108]
102 1428 nepi ka 1464 Emperor Go-Hanazono Hikohito [109]
103 1464 nepi ka 1500 Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado Fusahito [110]
104 1500 nepi ka 1526 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara Katsuhito [111]
105 1526 nepi ka 1557 Emperor Go-Nara Tomohito [112]
106 1557 nepi ka 1586 Emperor Ōgimachi Michihito [113]
107 1586 nepi ka 1611 Emperor Go-Yōzei Kazuhito/Katahito [114]
Periode Edo (1603-1867)
108 1611 nepi ka 1629 Emperor Go-Mizunoo(a.k.a. Emperor Go-Minoo) Kotohito [115]
109 1629 nepi ka 1643 Empress Meishō Okiko [116]
110 1643 nepi ka 1654 Emperor Go-Kōmyō Tsuguhito [117]
111 1655 nepi ka 1663 Emperor Go-Sai Nagahito [118]
112 1663 nepi ka 1687 Emperor Reigen Satohito [119]
113 1687 nepi ka 1709 Emperor Higashiyama Asahito [120]
114 1709 nepi ka 1735 Emperor Nakamikado Yasuhito [121]
115 1735 nepi ka 1747 Emperor Sakuramachi Teruhito [122]
116 1747 nepi ka 1762 Emperor Momozono Toohito [123]
117 1762 nepi ka 1771 Empress Go-Sakuramachi Toshiko [124]
118 1771 nepi ka 1779 Emperor Go-Momozono Hidehito [125]
119 1780 nepi ka 1817 Emperor Kōkaku Tomohito [126]
120 1817 nepi ka 1846 Emperor Ninkō Ayahito [127]
121 1846 nepi ka 1867 Emperor Kōmei Osahito
Jepang Modern (1868-kiwari)
122 1867 nepi ka 1912 Emperor Meiji Mutsuhito First emperor in constitutional monarchy
123 1912 nepi ka 1926 Emperor Taishō Yoshihito
124 1926 nepi ka 1989 Kaisar Shōwa Hirohito Last emperor to hold political power
125 1989 nepi ka kiwari Kaisar Akihito Akihito Referred to as 'the Present Emperor' or Tenno Heika (i.e. His Majesty the Emperor) in Japanese and as Emperor Akihito in English. After his death he will presumably be renamed Emperor Heisei.


Rujukan[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 249; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 84-88; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 1-3.
  2. Brown, pp. 250-251; Varley, pp.88-89; Titisingh, pp. 3-4.
  3. Brown, p. 251; Varley, p. 89; Titsingh, p. 4.
  4. Brown, p. 251; Varley, p. 89; Titsingh, p. 4.
  5. Brown, p. 251; Varley, p. 90; Titsingh, pp. 4-5.
  6. Brown, pp. 251-252; Varley, p. 90; Titsingh, p. 5.
  7. Brown, p. 252; Varley, pp. 90-92; Titsingh, pp. 5-6.
  8. Brown, p. 251; Varley, pp. 92-93; Titsingh, p. 6.
  9. Brown, p. 251; Varley, p. 93; Titsingh, pp. 6-7.
  10. Brown, p. 253; Varley, pp. 93-95; Titsingh, pp. 7-9.
  11. Brown, pp. 253-254; Varley, pp. 95-96; Titsingh, pp. 9-10.
  12. Brown, p. 254; Varley, pp. 96-99; Titsingh, pp. 11-14.
  13. Brown, p. 254; Varley, pp. 99-100; Titsingh, pp. 14-15.
  14. Brown, pp. 254-255; Varley, pp. 100-101; Titsingh, p. 15.
  15. Brown, p. 255; Varley, pp. 101-103; Titsingh, pp. 16-19.
  16. Brown, pp. 255-256; Varley, pp. 17, 103-110; Titsingh, pp. 19-21.
  17. Brown, pp. 256-257; Varley, pp. 110-111; Titsingh, pp. 22-24.
  18. Brown, p. 257; Varley, p. 111; Titsingh, pp. 24-25.
  19. Brown, p. 257; Varley, p. 112; Titsingh, p. 25.
  20. Brown, pp. 257-258; Varley, p. 112; Titsingh, p. 26.
  21. Brown, p. 258; Varley, p. 113; Titsingh, p. 26.
  22. Brown, p. 258; Varley, pp. 113-115; Titsingh, pp. 27-28.
  23. Brown, p. 258-259; Varley, pp. 115-116; Titsingh, pp. 28-29.
  24. Brown, p. 259; Varley, p. 116; Titsingh, pp. 29-30.
  25. Brown, pp. 259-260; Varley, p. 117; Titsingh, p. 30.
  26. Brown, p. 260; Varley, pp. 117-118; Titsingh, p. 31.
  27. Brown, pp. 260-261; Varley, pp. 17-18, 119-120; Titsingh, p. 31-32.
  28. Brown, p. 261; Varley, pp. 120-121; Brown, p. 261; Titsingh, p. 33.
  29. Brown, p. 261; Varley, p. 121; Titsingh, p. 33-34.
  30. Brown, pp. 261-262; Varley, pp. 123-124; Titsingh, p. 34-36.
  31. Varley, pp. 124-125; Brown, pp. 262-263; Titsingh, p. 36-37.
  32. Brown, p. 263; Varley, pp. 125-126; Titsingh, p. 37-38.
  33. Brown, p. 263; Varley, p. 126; Titsingh, p. 38-39.
  34. Brown, pp. 263-264; Varley, pp. 126-129; Titsingh, pp. 39-42.
  35. Brown, pp. 264-265; Varley, pp. 129-130; Titsingh, pp. 42-43.
  36. Brown, pp. 265-266; Varley, pp. 130-132; Titsingh, pp. 43-47.
  37. Brown, pp. 266-267; Varley, pp. 132-133; Titsingh, pp. 47-50.
  38. Brown, p. 267; Varley, pp. 133-134; Titsingh, pp. 50-52.
  39. Brown, p. 268; Varley, p. 135; Titsingh, pp. 52-56.
  40. Brown, pp. 268-269; Varley, pp. 135-136; Titsingh, pp. 56-58.
  41. Brown, pp. 268-269; Varley, pp. 135-136; Titsingh, pp. 58-59.
  42. Brown, pp. 269-270; Varley, pp. 136-137; Titsingh, pp. 59-60.
  43. Brown, pp. 270-271; Varley, pp. 137-140; Titsingh, pp. 60-63.
  44. Brown, p. 271; Varley, p. 140; Titsingh, pp. 63-65.
  45. Brown, p. 271-272; Varley, pp. 140-141; Titsingh, pp. 65-67.
  46. Brown, pp. 272-273; Varley, pp. 141-143; Titsingh, pp. 67-73.
  47. Brown, pp. 274-275; Varley, p. 143; Titsingh, pp. 73-75.
  48. Brown, p. 275; Varley, pp. 143-144; Titsingh, pp. 75-78.
  49. Brown, p. 276; Varley, pp. 144-147; Titsingh, pp. 78-81.
  50. Brown, p. 276-277; Varley, pp. 147-148; Titsingh, pp. 81-85.
  51. Brown, pp. 277-279; Varley, pp. 148-150; Titsingh, pp. 86-95.
  52. Brown, pp. 279-280; Varley, p. 151; Titsingh, pp. 96-97.
  53. Brown, pp. 280-282; Varley, pp. 151-164; Titsingh, pp. 97-102.
  54. Brown, p. 282-283; Varley, p. 164; Titsingh, pp. 103-106.
  55. Brown, pp. 283-284; Varley, pp. 164-165; Titsingh, pp. 106-112.
  56. Brown, pp. 285-286; Varley, p. 165; Titsingh, pp. 112-115.
  57. Brown, pp. 286-288; Varley, pp. 166-170; Titsingh, pp. 115-121.
  58. Brown, pp. 288-289; Varley, pp. 170-171; Titsingh, pp. 121-124.
  59. Brown, p. 289; Varley, pp. 171-175; Titsingh, pp. 124-125.
  60. Brown, p. 289-290; Varley, pp. 175-179; Titsingh, pp. 125-129.
  61. Brown, pp. 290-293; Varley, pp. 179-181; Titsingh, pp. 129-134.
  62. Brown, pp. 294-295; Varley, pp. 181-183; Titsingh, pp. 134-138.
  63. Brown, pp. 295-298; Varley, pp. 183-190; Titsingh, pp. 139-142.
  64. Brown, p. 298; Varley, pp. 190-191; Titsingh, pp. 142-143.
  65. Brown, pp. 299-300; Varley, pp. 191-192; Titsingh, pp. 144-148.
  66. Brown, pp. 300-302; Varley, p. 192; Titsingh, pp. 148-149.
  67. Brown, pp. 302-307; Varley, pp. 192-195; Titsingh, pp. 150-154.
  68. Brown, p. 307; Varley, p. 195; Titsingh, pp. 154-155.
  69. Brown, pp. 307-310; Varley, pp. 195-196; Titsingh, pp. 156-160.
  70. Brown, pp. 310-311; Varley, p. 197; Titsingh, pp. 160-162.
  71. Brown, pp. 311-314; Varley, pp. 197-198; Titsingh, pp. 162-166.
  72. Brown, pp. 314-315; Varley, pp. 198-199; Titsingh, pp. 166-168.
  73. Brown, pp. 315-317; Varley, pp. 199-202; Titsingh, pp. 169-171.
  74. Brown, pp. 317-320; Varley, p. 202; Titsingh, pp. 172-178.
  75. Brown, pp. 320-322; Varley, pp. 203-204; Titsingh, pp. 178-181.
  76. Brown, pp. 322-324; Varley, pp. 204-205; Titsingh, pp. 181-185.
  77. Brown, pp. 324-326; Varley, p. 205; Titsingh, pp. 186-188.
  78. Brown, p. 326-327; Varley, pp. 205-208; Titsingh, pp. 188-190.
  79. Brown, pp. 327-329; Varley, pp. 208-212; Titsingh, pp. 191-194.
  80. Brown, pp. 329-330; Varley, p. 212; Titsingh, pp. 194-195.
  81. Brown, pp. 329-330; Varley, p. 212; Titsingh, pp. 194-195.
  82. Brown, pp. 333-334; Varley, pp. 214-215; Titsingh, pp. 200-207.
  83. Brown, pp. 334-339; Varley, pp. 215-220; Titsingh, pp. 207-221.
  84. Brown, pp. 339-341; Varley, pp 220; Titsingh, pp. 221-230.
  85. Brown, pp. 341-343, Varley, pp. 221-223; Titsingh, pp 230-238.
  86. Brown, pp. 343-344; Varley, pp. 223-226; Titsingh, pp. 236-238.
  87. Brown, pp. 344-349; Varley, pp. 226-227; Titsingh, pp. 238-241.
  88. Varley, p. 227; Titsingh, pp. 242-245.
  89. Varley, pp. 228-231; Titsingh, pp. 245-247.
  90. Varley, pp. 231-232; Titsingh, pp. 248-253.
  91. Varley, pp. 232-233; Titsingh, pp. 253-261.
  92. Varley, pp. 233-237; Titsingh, pp. 262-269.
  93. Varley, pp. 237-238; Titsingh, pp. 269-274.
  94. Varley, pp. 238-239; Titsingh, pp. 274-275.
  95. Varley, p. 239; Titsingh, pp. 275-278.
  96. Varley, pp. 239-241; Titsingh, pp. 278-281.
  97. Varley, pp. 241-269; Titsingh, pp. 281-286, and Titsingh, p. 290-294.
  98. Titsingh, p. 286-289.
  99. Titsingh, pp. 294-298.
  100. Titsingh, pp. 298-301.
  101. Titsingh, pp. 302-309.
  102. Titsingh, pp. 310-316.
  103. Titsingh, pp. 317- .
  104. Varley, pp. 269-270 | Titsingh, p. .
  105. Titsingh, p. .
  106. [Titsingh, p. ]-320.
  107. Titsingh, pp. 320-327.
  108. Titsingh, pp. 327-331.
  109. Titsingh, pp. 331-351.
  110. Titsingh, pp. 352-364.
  111. Titsingh, pp. 364-372.
  112. Titsingh, pp. 372-382.
  113. Titsingh, pp. 382-402.
  114. Titsingh, pp. 402-409.
  115. Titsingh, pp. 410-411.
  116. Titsingh, pp. 411-412.
  117. Titsingh, pp. 412-413.
  118. Titsingh, p. 413.
  119. Titsingh, pp. 414-415.
  120. Titsingh, pp. 415-416.
  121. Titsingh, pp. 416-417.
  122. Titsingh, pp. 417-418.
  123. Titsingh, pp. 418-419.
  124. Titsingh, p. 419.
  125. Titsingh, pp. 419-420.
  126. Titsingh, pp. 420-421.
  127. Titsingh, p. 421.


Tempo oge[édit | sunting sumber]