Urang Turki

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Urang Turki
Türkler
Osman Gazi.jpg Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire.jpg Princess Durru Shehvar.jpg Sultan Abdulmecid Pera Museum 3 b.jpg Safiye Ali.jpg MustfaFehmi.jpg
Edib Halide.jpg Mimar Kemaleddin.jpg Feriha Tevfik.gif Kemalbey.jpg Atatürk.jpg
Tevfikfikret.jpg ElifShafak Ask EbruBilun Wiki.jpg Nuri Şahin in the Turkish national team strip at Fenerbahçe Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, Istanbul, Turkey - 20100811.jpg 60x70px Orhan Pamuk3.jpg
Jumlah populasi
70 yuta[rujukan?]

(tingali ogé Populasi urang Turki & Diaspora urang Turki)

Wewengkon kalawan populasi signifikan
Flag of Turki Turki 55.500.000-59.000.000 [1][2][3][4]
Flag of Jérman Jérman 3.500.000-4.000.000 [5][6][7]
Flag of Irak Irak 500.000-3.000.000 [8][9]
Flag of Aljazair Aljazair 600.000-2.000.000 [10]
Flag of Suriah Suriah 750.000-1.500.000 [11]
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria 746.664 [12]
Flag of Perancis Perancis 500.000-600.000 [13][14]
Flag of Britania Raya Britania Raya 500.000 a [15][16][17]
Flag of Amérika Sarikat Amérika Sarikat 190.000 - 500.000 b [18][19][20]
Flag of Walanda Walanda 400.000-500.000 c [21][22][23]
Flag of Austria Austria 350.000-500.000 [24][25][26][27]
Flag of Républik Turki Siprus Kalér Républik Turki Siprus Kalér 300.000-500.000 d [28][29]
Flag of Bélgia Bélgia 200.000 [30][31]
Flag of Makédonia Macedonia 77.959 - 200.000 [32][33][34]
Flag of Arab Saudi Arab Saudi 200.000 e [35]
Flag of Australia Australia 60.000-150.000 f [36][37]
Flag of Yunani Yunani 80.000-150.000 g [38][39][40][41]
Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 150.000 h [42]
Flag of Rusia Rusia 120.000-150.000 [43]
Flag of Suis Suis 120.000 e [44]
Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 110.000 h [42]
Flag of Swédia Swédia 100.000-150.000 i [45][46]
Flag of Mesir Mesir 70.000-100.000 [47][48]
Flag of Dénmark Dénmark 70.000 [49]
Flag of Libanon Libanon 50.000-80.000 [50][51]
Flag of Bosnia jeung Hérzégovina Bosnia jeung Hérzégovina 50.000 [52]
Flag of Kanada Kanada 50.000 [53][54][55]
Flag of Kosovo Kosovo 50.000 [56][52]
Flag of Kirgizstan Kirgizstan 50.000 h [42][57]
Flag of Romania Romania 28.226 [58]
Flag of Italia Italia 21.000 [59][60]
Flag of Norwégia Norwégia 16.000 e [61]
Basa

Turki

Ageman

Utamina Islam

Grup étnis sadulur

Masarakat Turkik  · Urang Anatolia

Catetan
a Ieu kaasup antawis 300.000[15] to 400,000[62][63] Urang Turki-Siprus nu hirup di Britania Raya.

b Imigrasi pamaréntah merkirakeun jumlah urang Turki di Amérika Sarikat 190.000 jiwa;[18] tapi, data ieu can pasti sabab sababaraha urang Turki gumelar di Balkan jeung Uni Soviét.[64]
c Kira-kira 10.000-30.000 jiwa ti Bulgaria hirup di Walanda. Kalobaanana nyaéta Urang Turki Bulgaria sarta mangrupa imigran nu panggancangna ningkatna di Walanda.[65]
d Ieu ngawengku pangeusi Turki. Kira-kira 2.000 Urang Turki-Siprus ayeuna midumukan bagian kidul pulona.[66]
e Angka ieu ngan ngawengku rahayat Turki. Jadina, angka ieu ogé ngasupkeun étnis minoritasi ti Turki; tapi, teu ngawengku étnis Turki nu boh gumelar jeung/atanapi jadi wargi nu dinaturalisasi. Leuwih jauhna, angka ieu teu ngawengku étnis minoritas urang Turki ti Bulgaria, Siprus, Géorgia, Yunani, Irak, Kosovo, Makédonia, Romania, atanapi sadaya wewengkon tradisional padumukan urang Turki sabab aranjeunna kadaptar salaku rahayat ti nagara asal imigrasina sanésna merhatoskeun étnisitas Turkina.
f Kira-kira 40.000-60.000 urang Turki-Siprus hirup di Australia.[67][68][69]
g Angka ieu ngan ngawengku urang Turki di Thrace Kulon. Kira-kira 5.000 hirup di Rhodes jeung Kos.[70] Tambihannana, 8.297 imigran hirup di Yunani.[71]
h Angka ieu ngan ngawengku urang Turki Meskhetia.
i Kira-kira 30.000 urang Turki ti Bulgaria hirup di Swédia.[72]

Urang Turki (Basa Turki: tunggal: Türk, jamak: Türkler), nyaéta hiji grup étnis nu utamina hirup di Turki, sarta di wewengkon urut Kakaisaran Ottoman di mana minoritas urang Turki kawas di Bulgaria, Bosnia jeung Hérzégovina, Géorgia, Yunani, Kosovo, Makédonia, jeung Romania. Raloba migran Turki geus hirup ogé di bagian kalér Siprus sanggues invasi Turki 1974 (Migran-migran ieu kedahna dibédakeun jeung kaom minoritas Turki-Siprus nu émang geus aya dina pulo éta). Ku lantaran migrasi, raloba komunitas urang Turki geus ngadeg di Éropa Kulon (utamina di Jérman, Perancis, Britania Raya, Walanda, Austria, Bélgia, jeung Liechtenstéin), ogé di Australia, Wétan Tengah, jeung Amérika Kalér sarta wewengkon Uni Soviét.

Catetan jeung rujukan[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. Milliyet. "55 milyon kişi 'etnik olarak' Türk". Disalin 2011-07-21.
  2. KONDA Research and Consultancy, Social Structure Survey 2006
  3. Library of Congress – Federal Research Division. "Country Profile: Turkey". Diakses pada 6 Pébruari 2010. 
  4. CIA. "The World Factbook". Disalin 2011-07-27.
  5. European Institute. "Merkel Stokes Immigration Debate in Germany". Diakses pada 15 Nopémber 2010. 
  6. Kötter, I; Vonthein, R; Günaydin, I; Müller, C; Kanz, L; Zierhut, M; Stübiger, N (2003), "Behçet's Disease in Patients of German and Turkish Origin- A Comparative Study", di dalam Zouboulis, Christos (ed.), Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Volume 528, Springer, hlm. 55, ISBN 0306477572 
  7. Haviland, William A.; Prins, Harald E. L.; Walrath, Dana; McBride, Bunny (2010), Anthropology: The Human Challenge, Cengage Learning, hlm. 675, ISBN 0495810843 
  8. Park, Bill (2005), Turkey's Policy Towards Northern Iraq: Problems and Perspectives, Taylor & Francis, hlm. 36, ISBN 0415382971 
  9. Kibaroğlu, Mustafa; Kibaroğlu, Ayșegül; Halman, Talât Sait (2009), Global Security Watch Turkey: A Reference Handbook, Greenwood Publishing Group, hlm. 165, ISBN 0313345600 
  10. Turkish Embassy in Algeria (2008), Cezayir Ülke Raporu 2008, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, hlm. 4 
  11. Özkaya, Abdi Noyan (2007), "Suriye Kürtleri: Siyasi Etkisizlik ve Suriye Devleti’nin Politikaları", Review of International Law and Politics 2 (8): 112 
  12. National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria (2001). "2001 Census in Bulgaria". National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria. 
  13. Leveau, Remy; Hunter, Shireen T. (2002), "Islam in France", di dalam Hunter, Shireen, Islam, Europe's Second Religion: The New Social, Cultural, and Political Landscape, Greenwood Publishing Group, hlm. 6, ISBN 0275976092 
  14. Todays Zaman. "France and its world famous capital 'Paris'". Diakses pada 1 Méi 2011. 
  15. a b Home Affairs Committee (2011). "Implications for the Justice and Home Affairs area of the accession of Turkey to the European Union". The Stationery Office. p. Ev 34. 
  16. The Guardian. "UK immigration analysis needed on Turkish legal migration, say MPs", 1 August 2011. Disalin 1 August 2011.
  17. Federation of Turkish Associations UK (19 June 2008). "Short history of the Federation of Turkish Associations in UK". Diarsipkan dari yang asli pada 13 April 2011. Diakses pada 13 April 2011. 
  18. a b U.S. Census Bureau: American FactFinder. "2008 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". Diakses pada 22 Séptémber 2009. 
  19. Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. "Immigration and Ethnicity: Turks". Diakses pada 7 Pébruari 2010. 
  20. The Washington Diplomat. "Census Takes Aim to Tally'Hard to Count' Populations". Diakses pada 5 Méi 2011. 
  21. Netherlands Info Services. "Dutch Queen Tells Turkey "First Steps Taken" On EU Membership Road". Diakses pada 16 Désémber 2008. 
  22. Dutch News. "Dutch Turks swindled, AFM to investigate". Diakses pada 16 Désémber 2008. 
  23. Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi 2008, 11.
  24. BBC. "Turkey's ambassador to Austria prompts immigration spat", BBC News, 2010-11-10. Disalin 2010-11-10.
  25. Avrupa Türk-İslam Birliği. "Avusturya Türk İslam Kültür ve Sosyal Yardımlaşma Birliği:Sosyal Hayat ve Dini Yapı". Diakses pada 15 Nopémber 2010. 
  26. Andreas Mölzer. "In Österreich leben geschätzte 500.000 Türken, aber kaum mehr als 10–12.000 Slowenen". Diakses pada 16 Oktober 2011. 
  27. CBN. "Turkey's Islamic Ambitions Grip Austria". Diakses pada 16 Oktober 2011. 
  28. International Crisis Group (2010). "CYPRUS: BRIDGING THE PROPERTY DIVIDE". International Crisis Group. p. 2. 
  29. Cole, Jeffrey (2011), Ethnic Groups of Europe: An Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, hlm. 95, ISBN 1598843028 
  30. King Baudouin Foundation (2008), "Diaspora philanthropy – a growing trend", Turkish communities and the EU, King Baudouin Foundation, hlm. 5 
  31. De Morgen. "Koning Boudewijnstichting doorprikt clichés rond Belgische Turken". Diakses pada 15 Nopémber 2010. 
  32. "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Macedonia". Republic of Macedonia State Statistical Office. Diakses pada 9 Juli 2008. 
  33. Abrahams, Fred (1996), A Threat to "Stability": Human Rights Violations in Macedonia, Human Rights Watch, hlm. 53, ISBN 1564321703 
  34. Knowlton, MaryLee (2005), Macedonia, Marshall Cavendish, hlm. 66, ISBN 0761418547 
  35. Karpat, Kemal H. (2004), Studies on Turkish Politics and Society: Selected Articles and Essays, BRILL, hlm. 12, ISBN 9004133224 
  36. Australian Bureau of Statistics. "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia". Diakses pada 13 Juli 2011. 
  37. Sydney Morning Herald. "Old foes, new friends", The Sydney Morning Herald, 2005-04-23. Disalin 2008-12-26.
  38. "Demographics of Greece". European Union National Languages. Diakses pada 19 Désémber 2010. 
  39. Western Thrace Minority University Graduates Association (2009), Western Thrace Turkish Minority, Culture and Education Foundation of Western Thrace Minority, hlm. 2 
  40. Ergener, Rashid; Ergener, Resit (2002), About Turkey: Geography, Economy, Politics, Religion, and Culture, Pilgrims Process, hlm. 106, ISBN 0971060967 
  41. WorldBulletin. "Western Thrace Turks tell Erdogan of problems in Greece". Diakses pada 26 Maret 2010. 
  42. a b c Aydıngün, Ayşegül; Harding, Çiğdem Balım; Hoover, Matthew; Kuznetsov, Igor; Swerdlow, Steve (2006), Meskhetian Turks: An Introduction to their History, Culture, and Resettelment Experiences, Center for Applied Linguistics, hlm. 13 
  43. Ryazantsev, Sergey V. (2009), "Turkish Communities in the Russian Federation", International Journal on Multicultural Societies 11 (2): 172 
  44. The Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation. "Diaspora und Migrantengemeinschaften aus der Türkei in der Schweiz". Diakses pada 16 Désémber 2008. 
  45. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. "Turkiet är en viktig bro mellan Öst och Väst". Diakses pada 14 April 2011. 
  46. Hurriyet Daily News. "Businessman invites Swedes for cheap labor, regional access". Diakses pada 14 April 2011. 
  47. Bruce, Anthony (2003), The Last Crusade. The Palestine Campaign in the First World War, John Murray, hlm. 12, ISBN 0719565057 
  48. Baedeker, Karl (2000), Egypt, Elibron, hlm. lviii, ISBN 1402197055 
  49. DR Online. "Tyrkisk afstand fra Islamisk Trossamfund". Diakses pada 8 Pébruari 2009. 
  50. Todays Zaman. "Tension adds to existing wounds in Lebanon". Diakses pada 6 April 2011. 
  51. Zaman. "Siyasî gerilim, Lübnan'ın yaralarını derinleştiriyor". Diakses pada 6 April 2011. 
  52. a b Cole, Jeffrey (2011), Ethnic Groups of Europe: An Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, hlm. 368, ISBN 1598843028 
  53. Canada's National Statistical Agency. "Statistics Canada". Diakses pada 9 Juli 2008. 
  54. Turkish Embassy (Ottawa Canada). "TURKISH - CANADIAN RELATIONS". Diakses pada 19 Maret 2010. 
  55. Ozcurumez, Saime (2009), "Immigrant Associations in Canada: Included, Accommodated, or Excluded?", Turkish Studies (Routledge) 10 (2): 202 
  56. Thomas Goltz. "Minority Within a Minority-- For Ethnic Turks, Serbian War is Another Chapter in a 600 Year Old Story". Diakses pada 19 Maret 2010. 
  57. IRIN Asia. "KYRGYZSTAN: Focus on Mesketian Turks". Diakses pada 17 Maret 2010. 
  58. http://www.recensamantromania.ro/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Comunicat_DATE_PROVIZORII_RPL_2011.pdf
  59. Sabah. "Eyvah Türkler geldi!". Diakses pada 24 Oktober 2011. 
  60. ntvmsnbc. "Roma'da bir Türk Film Festivali". Diakses pada 24 Oktober 2011. 
  61. Statistics Norway. "Persons with immigrant background by immigration category and country background 1 January 2010". Diakses pada 4 Méi 2010. 
  62. Star Kibris (11 February 2010). "OLMALI MI, OLMAMALI MI?". Diakses pada 21 Januari 2011. 
  63. Kıbrıs Gazetesi (2 June 2011). "Dıştaki gençlerin askerlik sorunu çözülmedikçe…". Diakses pada 17 Juni 2011. 
  64. Karpat, Kemal H. (2004), "The Turks in America", Studies on Turkish Politics and Society: Selected Articles and Essays, BRILL, hlm. 627, ISBN 9004133224 
  65. TheSophiaEcho. "Turkish Bulgarians fastest-growing group of immigrants in The Netherlands". Diakses pada 26 Juli 2009. 
  66. Hatay, Mete (2007), Is the Turkish Cypriot Population Shrinking?, International Peace Research Institute, hlm. 40, ISBN 978-82-7288-244-9 
  67. TRNC Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Briefing Notes on the Cyprus Issue". Diakses pada 3 Oktober 2010. 
  68. Kibris Gazetesi. "Avustralya'daki Kıbrıslı Türkler ve Temsilcilik...". Diakses pada 31 Méi 2011. 
  69. BRT. "AVUSTURALYA’DA KIBRS TÜRKÜNÜN SESİ". Diakses pada 18 Juli 2011. 
  70. Western Thrace Minority University Graduates Association (2009), Western Thrace Turkish Minority, Culture and Education Foundation of Western Thrace Minority, hlm. 6 
  71. MigrantsInGreece. "Data on immigrants in Greece, from Census 2001, Legalization applications 1998, and valid Residence Permits, 2004". Diakses pada 26 Maret 2009. [tumbu nonaktif]
  72. Laczko, Frank; Stacher, Irene; Klekowski von Koppenfels, Amanda (2002), New challenges for Migration Policy in Central and Eastern Europe, Cambridge University Press, hlm. 187, ISBN 906704153X 

Pustaka[édit | sunting sumber]

Bacaan salajengna[édit | sunting sumber]

Urang Turki
  • Garnett, Lucy M. J. (2004). The Turkish People: Their Social Life, Religious Beliefs and Institutions and Domestic Life, Kessinger Publishing.
  • Mango, Andrew (2004). The Turks Today, Overlook.
  • McCarthy, Justin & McCarthy Carolyn (2003). "Who Are The Turks?" (PDF). The American Forum For Global Education. Diarsipkan dari yang asli pada 11 Maret 2006. Diakses pada 11 Juli 2008. 
Sajarah
  • Atillasoy, Yüksel (2002). Atatürk: First President and Founder of the Turkish Republic, Woodside House, Woodside, NY.
  • Barber, Noel (1988). Lords of the Golden Horn: From Suleiman the Magnificent to Kemal Ataturk, Arrow, London.
  • Findley, Carter Vaughn (2004). The Turks in World History, Oxford University Press, USA.
  • Kinross, Patrick (1977). The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire, Morrow.
  • Mango, Andrew (2000). Ataturk: The Biography of the Founder of Modern Turkey, Overlook.
  • Merriman, Roger Bigelow (1944). Suleiman the Magnificent, 1520–1566, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
  • Shaw, Stanford Jay, Kural Shaw, Ezel (1977). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Cambridge University Press.
Démografi
Basa
  • Findley, Carter V. (2004). The Turks in World History, Oxford University Press.
  • Katzner, Kenneth (2002). Languages of the World, Third Edition, Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Books Ltd..
  • Lewis, Geoffrey (2001). Turkish Grammar, Oxford University Press.
  • Lewis, Geoffrey (2002). The Turkish Language Reform: A Catastrophic Success, Oxford University Press.
  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2007). Sözlerin Soyağacı: Çağdaş Türkçenin Etimoloji Sözlüğü (Etymological Dictionary of Contemporary Turkish), Adam Yayınları, Revised and Enlarged 3rd Edition.(Basa Turki)
  • Özsoy, A. Sumru, Taylan, Eser E. (eds.) (2000). Türkçe’nin ağızları çalıştayı bildirileri (Workshop on the dialects of Turkish), Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Yayınevi.(Basa Turki)
  • Soucek, Svat (2000). A History of Inner Asia, Cambridge University Press.
Kasenian & Kabudayaan
  • Andrews, Walter G. Ottoman Lyric Poetry: An Anthology.
  • Aslanapa, Oktay (1971). Turkish art and architecture, London: Faber.
  • Bartok, Bela & Suchoff, Benjamin (1976). Turkish Folk Music from Asia Minor (The New York Bartok Archive Studies in Musicology, No. 7), Princeton Univ Pr.
  • Goodwin, Godfrey (2003). A History of Ottoman Architecture, Thames & Hudson.
  • Kaya, İbrahim (2003). Social Theory and Later Modernities: The Turkish Experience, Liverpool University Press.
  • Stokes, Martin (2000). Sounds of Anatolia, Penguin Books.


Citakan:Turkish diaspora Citakan:Turkic peoples Citakan:European Muslims Citakan:Immigration to Turkey


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