Libanon

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الجمهورية اللبنانية
La République Libanaise
Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Lubnāniyyah
Républik Libanon
Bandéra Libanon Lambang Libanon
Motto
كلنا للوطن للعلى للعلم  (basa Arab)
"Nous sommes tous pour le pays, la sublimation et le drapeau!"  (basa Perancis)

"We are all for the Country, the Sublime and the Flag!"
Lagu
Kulluna lil-watan lil 'ula lil-'alam
Location of Libanon
Ibu kota Béirut
33°54′N 35°32′E
Kota panggedéna ibu kota
Basa resmi Arab.[1]
Démonim Libanon
Pamaréntah Républik
 -  Présidén T/A (periode Émile Lahoud tutas tepi ka 23/11/07)
 -  Perdana Mentri Fouad Siniora (interim)
Merdika ti Perancis
 -  Deklarasi 26 Nopember, 1941 
 -  Diaku 22 Nopember, 1943 
 -  Cai (%) 1.6
Populasi
 -  Perkiraan  Juli 2007 4,099,000 (ka-128)
GDP (PPP) Perkiraan 2006
 -  Total $21.45 miliar (ka-103)
 -  Per kapita $6,100 (ka-90)
HDI (2006) Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.774 (sedeng) (ka-78)
Mata uang Lira Libanon (LL) (LBP)
Zona wanci EET (UTC+2)
 -  Usum panas (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
TLD Internét .lb
Kode telepon +961

Libanon (IPA: /ˈlɛbənɒn/) (Basa Arab: لبنان Lubnān; Basa Perancis: Liban), resmina Republik Libanon (الجمهورية اللبنانية; La République Libanaise), nyaeta hiji nagara leutik nu kalolobaannana mangrupakuen pagunungan di Asia Kulon, di basisir kidul Laut Tengah. Libanon diwatesan ku Syria di beh kaler jeung wetan, sarta Israel di kuduleunnana. Alatan rupa-rupana sektarian, Libanon nerapkeun hiji sistim pulitik husus, nu katelah konfesionalisme, pikuen nyebarkeun kakawasaan sarata-ratana ka seler-seler nu beda.[2]

Panneau travaux.png Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.

Bandera Libanon features a cedar in green against a white backdrop, bounded by two horizontal red stripes along the top and bottom. This is a reference to the famous cedars of Lebanon, that were mentioned in the verses of the Old Testament (mostly in Psalms), which spoke of the "Arzei HaL'vanon," or "Cedars of Lebanon."

Until the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990), the country enjoyed relative calm and prosperity, driven by the tourism, agriculture, and banking sectors of the economy.[3] It is considered the banking capital of the Arab world and was widely known as the "Switzerland of Western Asia"[4][5] due to its financial power. Lebanon also attracted large numbers of tourists,[6] to the point that the capital Beirut became widely referred to as the "Paris of Western Asia."[7]

Immediately following the end of the war, there were extensive efforts to revive the economy and rebuild national infrastructure.[8] By early 2006, a considerable degree of stability had been achieved throughout much of the country, Beirut's reconstruction was almost complete,[9] and an increasing number of foreign tourists were pouring into Lebanon's resorts.[6] The 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah brought mounting civilian and military casualties, extensive damage to civilian infrastructure, and massive population displacement from July 12, 2006 until a ceasefire went into effect on August 14, 2006.

See also[édit | sunting sumber]

Articles about recent events
Miscellaneous

Catetan suku[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. Profil Libanon "Lebanon, Embassy in the US". Retrieved December 13, 2007.
  2. Countries Quest. "Lebanon, Government". Retrieved December 14, 2006.
  3. U.S. Department of State. "Background Note: Lebanon (History) August 2005" Retrieved December 2, 2006.
  4. USPG. "Anglican Church in Jerusalem responds to Western Asia crisis". Retrieved October 31, 2006.
  5. Socialist Party (2005). "A new crisis in Western Asia?". Retrieved October 31, 2006.
  6. a b Anna Johnson (2006). "Lebanon: Tourism Depends on Stability". Retrieved October 31, 2006.
  7. TC Online (2002). "Paris of Western Asia". Retrieved October 31, 2006.
  8. Canadian International Development Agency. "Lebanon: Country Profile". Retrieved December 2, 2006.
  9. Center for the Study of the Built Environment. "Deconstructing Beirut's Reconstruction: 1990-2000". Retrieved October 31, 2006.

Rujukan buku[édit | sunting sumber]

  • Fisk, Robert. Pity the Nation: The Abduction of Lebanon. New York: Nation Books, 2002.
  • Firzli, Nicola Y. Al-Baath wa-Lubnân [Arabic only] ("The Baath and Lebanon"). Beirut: Dar-al-Tali'a Books, 1973
  • Hitti Philip K. History of Syria Including Lebanon and Palestine, Vol. 2 (2002) (ISBN 1-931956-61-8)
  • Holst, Sanford. Phoenicians: Lebanon's Epic Heritage. Los Angeles: Cambridge and Boston Press, 2005.
  • Norton, Augustus R. Amal and the Shi'a: Struggle for the Soul of Lebanon. Austin and London: University of Texas Press, 1987.
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan. The Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • Salibi, Kamal. A House of Many Mansions: The History of Lebanon Reconsidered. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

Tumbu luar[édit | sunting sumber]

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