Éritréa

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Luncat ka: pituduh, sungsi
ሃገረ ኤርትራ
Hagere Ertra
دولة إرتريا
Dawlat Iritrīya
State of Eritrea
Nagara Éritréa
Bandéra Éritréa Emblem Éritréa
Lagu
Ertra, Ertra, Ertra
Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea
Location of Éritréa
Ibu kota
(jeung kota panggedéna)
Asmara
15°20′N 38°55′E
Basa resmi Basa Tigrinya, Basa Arab, Basa Inggris [1]
Grup étnis  55% Tigrinya, 30% Tigre, 4% Saho, 2% Kunama, 2% Rashaida, 2% Bilen, 5% nu lian (Afar, Beni, Amir, Nera) (pakr. 2010) [1]
Démonim Eritrean
Pamaréntah Pamaréntahan samentawis
 -  Présidén Isaias Afewerki
Kamerdikaan
 -  Ti Italia Nopémber 1941 
 -  Ti Britania Raya dina Mandat PBB 1951 
 -  Ti Éthiopia de facto 24 Méi 1991 
 -  Ti Éthiopia de jure 24 Méi 1993 
Aréa
 -  Total 117.600 km² (ka-100)
45.405 mil² 
 -  Cai (%) 0,14%
Populasi
 -  Perkiraan  2011 5.824.000 (ka-109)
 -  Sénsus 2008 5.291.370 
 -  Kapadetan 43,1 /km² (ka-165)
111,7 /mil²
GDP (PPP) Perkiraan 2011
 -  Total $3,625 milyar[2] 
 -  Per kapita $720[2] 
GDP (nominal) Perkiraan 2011
 -  Total $2,590 milyar[2] 
 -  Per kapita $472[2] 
HDI (2007) 0,472 (handap) (ka-165)
Mata uang Nakfa (ERN)
Zona wanci EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Usum panas (DST) teu kaobsérvasi (UTC+3)
TLD Internét .er
Kode telepon +291
1 ,.[3][4]

Eritrea (Ge'ez: ኤርትራ ʾErtrā, Basa Arab: إرتريا Iritrīyā), resmina Nagara Éritréa, mangrupakeun hiji nagara di Tanduk Afrika. Ngaran "Éritréa" diturunan ti kecap basa Yunani, Erethria, nu hartina 'lemah beureum'. Ibu kotana nya éta Asmara. Nagara ieu tepung watzs jeung Sudan di kulon, Éthiopia di kidul, sarta Djibouti di tenggara. Bagian kalér-wétan jeung wétan nagara miboga basisir nu lega di gigireun Laut Beureum, di peuntas langsung ti Arab Saudi jeung Yaman. Kapuloan Dahlak jeung sababaraha ti Kapuloan Hanish mangrupakeun bagian ti nagara ieu.

Région jeung distrik[édit | sunting sumber]

Artikel utama: Région di Éritréa, Distrik di Éritréa
Peta Éritréa

Éritréa dibagi kana genep région (zobas) jeung dibagi deui kana distrik (sub-zobas).

No. Région (ዞባ) Sub-région (ንኡስ ዞባ)
1 Tengah
(ዞባ ማእከል)
Berikh, Ghala-Nefhi, Semienawi Mibraq, Serejaka, Debubawi Mibraq, Semienawi Mi'erab, Debubawi Mi'erab, Asmara
2 Kidul
(ዞባ ደቡብ)
Adi Keyh, Adi Quala, Areza, Debarwa, Dekemhare, Mai Ayni, Mai Mne, Mendefera, Segeneiti, Senafe, Tserona
3 Gash-Barka
(ዞባ ጋሽ ባርካ)
Agordat, Barentu, Dghe, Forto, Gogne, Haykota, Logo-Anseba, Mensura, Mogolo, Molki, Guluj, Shambuko, Tesseney, La'elay Gash
4 Anseba
(ዞባ ዓንሰባ)
Adi Tekelezan, Asmat, Elabered, Geleb, Hagaz, Halhal, Habero, Keren, Kerkebet, Sel'a
5 Laut Beureum Kalér
(ዞባ ሰሜናዊ ቀይሕ ባሕሪ)
Afabet, Dahlak, Ghel'alo, Foro, Ghinda, Karura, Massawa, Nakfa, She'eb
6 Laut Beureum Kidul
(ዞባ ደቡባዊ ቀይሕ ባሕሪ)
Are'eta, Dankalia Tengah, Dankalia Kidul, Assab

Réferénsi[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. a b CIA – The World Factbook – Eritrea
  2. a b c d "Eritrea". International Monetary Fund. Diakses pada 6 Nopémber 2011. 
  3. "Les langues en Erythrée". Cy.revues.org. 14 Januari 2000. Diakses pada 2 Méi 2010. 
  4. "Eritrea" (PDF). Diakses pada 2 Méi 2010. 

Bacaan salajengna[édit | sunting sumber]

  • Cliffe, Lionel; Connell, Dan; Davidson, Basil (2005), Taking on the Superpowers: Collected Articles on the Eritrean Revolution (1976–1982). Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-188-0
  • Cliffe, Lionel & Davidson, Basil (1988), The Long Struggle of Eritrea for Independence and Constructive Peace. Spokesman Press, ISBN 0-85124-463-7
  • Connell, Dan (1997), Against All Odds: A Chronicle of the Eritrean Revolution With a New Afterword on the Postwar Transition. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-046-9
  • Connell, Dan (2001), Rethinking Revolution: New Strategies for Democracy & Social Justice : The Experiences of Eritrea, South Africa, Palestine & Nicaragua. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-145-7
  • Connell, Dan (2004), Conversations with Eritrean Political Prisoners. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-235-6
  • Connell, Dan (2005), Building a New Nation: Collected Articles on the Eritrean Revolution (1983–2002). Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-198-8
  • Firebrace, James & Holand, Stuart (1985), Never Kneel Down: Drought, Development and Liberation in Eritrea. Red Sea Press, ISBN 0-932415-00-8
  • Gebre-Medhin, Jordan (1989), Peasants and Nationalism in Eritrea. Red Sea Press, ISBN 0-932415-38-5
  • Hatem Elliesie: Decentralisation of Higher Education in Eritrea, Afrika Spectrum, Vol. 43 (2008) No. 1, p. 115–120.
  • Hill, Justin (2002), 'Ciao Asmara, A classic account of contemporary Africa'. Little, Brown, ISBN 978-0-349-11526-9
  • Iyob, Ruth (1997), The Eritrean Struggle for Independence : Domination, Resistance, Nationalism, 1941–1993. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-59591-6
  • Jacquin-Berdal, Dominique; Plaut, Martin (2004), Unfinished Business: Ethiopia and Eritrea at War. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-217-8
  • Johns, Michael (1992), "Does Democracy Have a Chance", Congressional Record, May 6 1992
  • Keneally, Thomas (1990), "To Asmara" ISBN 0-446-39171-9
  • Kendie, Daniel (2005), The Five Dimensions Of The Eritrean Conflict 1941–2004: Deciphering the Geo-Political Puzzle. Signature Book Printing, ISBN 1-932433-47-3
  • Killion, Tom (1998), Historical Dictionary of Eritrea. Scarecrow Press, ISBN 0-8108-3437-5
  • Mauri, Arnaldo (2004), "Eritrea's Early Stages in Monetary and Banking Development", International Review of Economics, Vol. LI, n. 4, [1]
  • Mauri, Arnaldo (1998), "The First Monetary and Banking Experiences in Eritrea", African Review of Money, Finance and Banking, n. 1–2.
  • Müller, Tanja R.: Bare life and the developmental State: the Militarization of Higher Education in Eritrea, Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 46 (2008), No. 1, p. 1–21.
  • Ogbaselassie, G (2006-01-10). "Response to remarks by Mr. David Triesman, Britain's parliamentary under-secretary of state with responsibility for Africa". Diakses pada 7 Juni 2006. 
  • Pateman, Roy (1998), Eritrea: Even the Stones Are Burning. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-057-4
  • Phillipson, David W. (1998), Ancient Ethiopia.
  • Wrong, Michela (2005), I Didn't Do It For You: how the world betrayed a small African Nation. Harper Collins, ISBN 0-06-078092-4

Tumbu kaluar[édit | sunting sumber]

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