Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu
(ngahiji nambah mutu)
|Ibu kota||Kuala Lumpur1
|Kota panggedéna||Kuala Lumpur|
|Pamaréntah||Féderal monarki konstitusional|
|-||Nu Dipertuan Agung||Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin|
|-||Perdana Mentri||Najib Tun Razak|
|-||ti UK (ukur Malaya)||31 Agustus, 1957|
|-||Ngadeg||jeung Sabah, Sarawak, Singapura 16 Séptémber, 1963|
|-||Total||329,758 km² (ka-66)
|-||Perkiraan 2005||25,347,000 (ka-45)|
|-||Kapadetan||78 /km² (ka-97)
|GDP (PPP)||Perkiraan 2005|
|-||Total||$290 miliar (ka-33)|
|-||Per kapita||$12,106 (ka-61)|
|HDI (2003)||0.796 (sedeng) (ka-61)|
|Mata uang||Ringgit (RM) (
|Zona wanci||MST (UTC+8)|
|-||Usum panas (DST)||- (UTC+8)|
|1. Putrajaya mangrupakeun kadudukan utama di pamaréntahan
2. 020 ti Singapura
Nagara ieu ngawengku dua wewengkon géografis nu dipisahkeun ku Laut Cina Kidul:
- Malaysia Kulon (atawa Peninsular Malaysia) di Semenanjung Malaya nu babagi wates lemahna di beulah kalér jeung Muangtai tur kahubungkeun jeung Singapura di beulah kidulna ku Johor-Singapore Causeway jeung Malaysia-Singapura Second Link. Wilayah ieu ngawengku 11 nagara bagean, Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Pérak, Perlis, Penang, Selangor jeung Terengganu, katut tulu teritori federal, Putrajaya, Labuan jeung Kuala Lumpur.
- Malaysia Wétan nempatan bagean kaler pulo Kalimantan, wawatesan jeung Indonesia katut Kasultanan Brunei. Wilayah ieu ngawengku teritori federal kapuloan Labuan jeung nagara bagean Sabah katut Sarawak.
|Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.
As states of Malaysia were formerly British colonies, many Malaysian institutions are based on those of the British. For instance, the Malaysian system of government draws heavily on the British Westminster system. The head of state is the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (colloquially referred to as the King), who is elected from among the state sultans to a five-year term, making Malaysia one of two elective monarchies in the world (the other is Vatican City). As a constitutional monarchy, executive power is vested in the Prime Minister, with the King serving as more of a figurehead. The legislative branch consists of Parliament, which is mostly based on the British Parliament. A judiciary has also been established under the Constitution. The Barisan Nasional (National Front), a coalition of several political parties, has ruled Malaysia since Malaya's independence in 1957.
Initially heavily dependent on agricultural and mining activities, the Malaysian economy has since shifted its focus to manufacturing and tourism as its major sources of income. Despite the shift, Malaysia is one of the top producers of rubber and palm oil. In the 1970s, the government implemented the controversial New Economic Policy (NEP) to address an income disparity between the Malays and Chinese.
Although historically dominated by the Malays, modern Malaysian society is heterogeneous, with substantial Chinese and Indian minorities. Malaysian politics have been noted for their allegedly communal nature; the three major component parties of the Barisan Nasional each restrict membership to those of one ethnic group, and the only major violence the country has seen since independence was the May 13 Incident of racial rioting in the wake of an election campaign based on racial issues.
Ngaran Féderasi [édit]
Article 1(1) of the Federal Constitution states that "The federation shall be known, in Malay and English, as Malaysia". The name "Federation of Malaysia" therefore has no official sanction.
The name Malaysia was adopted in 1963 when Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak joined the Federation of Malaya to form Malaysia. Prior to 1963, the Federation of Malaya was known as Persekutuan Tanah Melayu in Malay, and the official names were therefore different in the two languages.
Sumber daya alam [édit]
Transportasi jeung Komunikasi [édit]
- Buda di Malaysia
- Islam di Malaysia
- Kristen di Malaysia
- Hindu di Malaysia
- Status kabébasan rélijius di Malaysia
All Malaysians are Federal citizens with no formal citizenships within the individual states. Every citizen is issued with an biometric identity card, known as MyKad, at the age of 12, and must carry the card with them. A citizen is required to present his/her identity card to the police, or in the case of an emergency, to any military personnel, to be identified. If the card cannot be produced immediately, the person technically has 24 hours under the law to produce it at the nearest police station.
Poe pere [édit]
Malaysia and its states observe a number of holidays. Some are federally sanctioned while others are celebrated by some states only.
Tempo ogé [édit]
Tumbu kaluar [édit]
|Mangga paluruh émbaran nu langkung seueur ngeunaan Malaysia ku jalan nyungsi proyék sawargina Wikipedia|
|Définisi kamus ti Wiktionary|
|Buku téks ti Wikibooks|
|Cutatan ti Wikiquote|
|Téks sumber ti Wikisource|
|Gambar jeung média ti Commons|
|Warta ti Wikinews|
|Sumber pangajaran ti Wikiversity|
Situs resmi [édit]
- myGovernment Portal - Malaysian Government Portal
- Bernama - Malaysian national news agency
- Malaysian Department of Statistics
- Tourism Malaysia - Malaysian tourism portal
- Office of the Prime Minister of Malaysia
- Radio Televisyen Malaysia - Government-owned television network
- Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation
- Small Medium Industries Development Corporation