Asia Kidul

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Sub-wewengkon Asia Kidul ceuk PBB.
Indian-Subcontinental border as defined by Indian plate

Asia Kidul nyaeta wewengkon geopulitik beh kidul di buana Asia, nu ngawengku nagara-nagara sub-Himalaya jeung wewengkon kuloneunnana, jeung keur sababaraha kawenangan (tempo di handap), ngawengku oge wewengkon wetaneun Himalaya. Wewengkon ieu dilingkung (saarah jarum jam, ti kulon ka wetan) ku Asia Kulon, Asia Tengah, Asia Wetan, jeung Asia Tenggara.

Definisi jeung pamakeannana[édit | sunting sumber]

Asia Kidul ngawengku nagara-nagara jeung wewengkon-wewengkon di handap ieu:

Panneau travaux.png Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.

These countries, except the British Indian Ocean Territory, are also currently members of a regional co-operation group, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), which was jointly formed by them. For assumed geographic, cultural, and/or historical reasons, the following countries and territories are, sometimes to often, included in South Asia:

Geophysically, the term Indian subcontinent is used to describe those regions which lie on the Indian Plate, bordered on the north by the Eurasian Plate. However, a good proportion of the Pakistani land mass is not on the Indian plate, but on the fringes of the Iranian plateau. As in the case of the Hindukush mountains, everything to the south-east of the Iranian Plateau is considered South Asia. But, geopolitically, Southern Asia subsumes the Indian subcontinent and includes both, the territories found internal to the Indian Plate and those in proximity to it. Afghanistan, for instance, is sometimes grouped in this region due to socio-political, historical, and ethnic (Pashtun) ties to neighbouring Pakistan.

Kontroversi ngeunaan definisi[édit | sunting sumber]

The definition of South Asia can vary greatly from person to person. Most, if not all, sources accept Bangladesh, Bhutan, the Chagos Islands, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka as South Asian. The controversy originates over Afghanistan, Iran, and Tibet. Afghanistan and Tibet are often considered South Asian by many universities' departments of South Asian studies, especially those referenced above, but this definition is not universal. Another controversy grows over Iran, as Iran is considered South Asian only by the UN. The G8's definition of the Greater Middle East includes both Pakistan and Afghanistan. See: Middle East and Greater Middle East. Controversial race researcher Richard Lynn has defined Southern Asia as "from Bangladesh in the east through India, Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, the Persian Gulf Arab states, the near East, and Turkey"[18].

Demograpi jeung sajarah[édit | sunting sumber]

Informasi salajengna: History of South Asia  and Ethnic groups of South Asia
Map of South Asia in native languages.

The peoples of the region possess several distinguishing features that set them apart anthropologically from the rest of Asia; the dominant peoples and cultures are Indo-Aryan and Dravidian, (though the Mongoloid populations in north-east India, Bhutan, Nepal and Tibet are not to be ignored), and have a great affinity with the peoples of Iranian Plateau and the Caucasus particularly in the north west region of South Asia encompassing the modern states of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Persian, Arab and Turkish cultural traditions from the west also form an integral part of Islamic South Asian culture, but have been adapted to form a Muslim culture distinct from what is found in the Middle East e.g. pilgrimage to dargahs is common among many South Asian Muslims.

South Asia ranks among the world's most densely-populated regions. About 1.6 billion people live here – about one-fourth of all the people in the world. The region's population density of 305 persons per square kilometre is more than seven times the world average.

The region has a long history. Ancient civilizations developed in the Indus River Valley and the Dwaraka region. The region was far more prosperous before the 18th century, when the Mughal Empire held sway in the north and the Maratha Empire held sway in the south and central regions of the Indian peninsula. Subsequently, European encroachments, initially by Portugal and the Netherlands,and later by France and British colonialism, led to political destabilisation of the region, leading finally to almost complete occupation and rule by the British. Most of the region gained independence from Europe by the late 1940s, when these colonial powers were weakened by the World War II and could neither control the people of the region nor satisfy their aspirations.

Since 1947, most of the countries of South Asia have achieved tremendous progress in all spheres. Most notable achievements are in the fields of education; industry; health care; information technology and services based on its applications; research in the fields of cutting edge sciences and technologies; defence related self-reliance projects; international/global trade and business enterprises and outsourcing of human resources. In all these areas, Republic of India is leading the group of SAARC nations; her only blemishes being inequitable distribution of wealth and prosperity among its billion plus population, periodic inter-religious violence and perceived or real grievances of religion/caste based minorities. However, the new generation is working diligently on remediation of these aberrations.

Ageman[édit | sunting sumber]

Bandéra Afghanistan Afganistan[19] Sunni Muslim (80%), Shi'a Muslim (19%), other (1%)
Bandéra Bangladés Bangladés[20] Muslim (82.8%), Hindu (14.2%), Buddhist (1.6%), Christian (1.3%),Believers in tribal faiths (0.1%)
Citakan:IOT[21] Christian (45.55%), Hindu (38.55%), Muslim (9.25%), Non-Religious (6.50%), Atheist (0.10%), Other (0.05%)
Citakan:BHU[22] Buddhist (75%), Hindu (25%)
Bandéra India India[23] Hindu (80.5%), Muslim (13.4%), Christian (2.3%), Sikh (1.9%), Buddhist (0.8%), Jain (0.4%), Others (0.6%)
Bandéra Iran Iran[24] Shi'a Muslim (89%), Sunni Muslim (9%), Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i (2%)
Citakan:MDV[25] Sunni Muslim (100%)
Bandéra Myanmar Myanmar[26] Theravada Buddhism (89%), Muslim (4%), Christian (4%) (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Animist (1%), others (including Hinduism) (2%))
Citakan:NEP[27] Hindu (80.6%), Buddhist (10.7%), Muslim (4.2%), Kirat (3.6%)
Bandéra Pakistan Pakistan[28] Muslim (96.28%), Christian (1.59%), Hindu (0.25%), Ahmadi (0.22%)
Bandéra Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[29] Theravada Buddhist (70.42%), Muslim (10.89%), Hindu (8.78%), Catholic (7.77%), Other Christian (1.96%), Other (0.13%)
Citakan:Country data Tibet Buddhist, Bön, Hindu, Muslim, jeung lianna... (Data Unknown)

Rujukan[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. CIA world factbook, Afghanistan - Geography (Location: Southern Asia)
  2. a b Center for South Asia Studies: University of California, Berkeley [1]
  3. a b Center for South Asia Outreach UW-Madison [2]
  4. Department of South Asia Studies: University of Pennsylvania [3]
  5. South Asia: Data, Projects, and Research [4]
  6. MAPS SHOWING GEOLOGY, OIL AND GAS FIELDS AND GEOLOGICAL PROVINCES OF SOUTH ASIA [5] Includes Afghanistan
  7. Afghanistan-Tajikistan Bridge Links Central, South Asia [6] Refers to Afghanistan as South Asian and Tajikistan as Central Asian
  8. University of Washington Jackson School of International Studies: The South Asia Center http://jsis.washington.edu/advise/catalog/soasia-b.html
  9. Syracruse University: The South Asia Center http://www.maxwell.syr.edu/moynihan/programs/sac/
  10. a b http://www.ii.umich.edu/csas/aboutus/contactus
  11. a b http://www.brandeis.edu/registrar/catalog/one-subject.php?subject_id=6550 this sources admits in certain contexts that Tibet and Afghanistan are South Asian
  12. a b http://www.britac.ac.uk/institutes/SSAS/about.htm Tibetan and Afghan flag shown
  13. a b http://oscar.virginia.edu/asp/orgView.asp?txtId=26
  14. a b http://www.hawaii.edu/asiaref/sasia/sawebsites.htm
  15. a b http://southasia.rutgers.edu/
  16. Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings, United Nations website
  17. http://www.asianstudies.emory.edu/sa/languages.htm
  18. Race Differences in Intelligence by Richard Lynn pg 79, 2006
  19. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html#People
  20. http://www.banbeis.gov.bd/bd_pro.htm
  21. http://www.thearda.com/internationalData/countries/Country_32_1.asp
  22. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bt.html#People
  23. http://www.censusindia.net/religiondata/presentation_on_religion.pdf
  24. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html#People
  25. http://www.themaldives.com/Maldives/Maldives_Religion.htm
  26. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bm.html#People
  27. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Nepal.pdf
  28. http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/pco/statistics/other_tables/pop_by_religion.pdf
  29. http://www.statistics.gov.lk/census2001/population/ds_div/t001b.htm

Tempo oge[édit | sunting sumber]

Sub-wewengkon lianna di Asia[édit | sunting sumber]

Tumbu luar[édit | sunting sumber]

Citakan:GeoSouthAsia