Jalur Utama Tōkaidō

Ti Wikipédia, énsiklopédia bébas
Luncat ka: pituduh, sungsi
Jalur utama Tōkaidō Main Line

Jalur Utama Tōkaidō (東海道本線 Tōkaidō-honsen?) nyaeta jalur Japan Railway (JR) pangsibukna, ngahubungkeun Stasion Tokyo jeung Kobe Station. Panjangna 589.5 km (366 miles), teu kaasup sababaraha jalur tambahan di kota-kota utama. Tōkaidō Shinkansen sajajar jeung jalur ieu.

Watesan "Jalur Utama Tōkaidō" geus dipake samemeh aya Shinkansen: kiwari, sababaraha bagean ngagunakeun ngaran nu beda, nu sacara resmi dipake ku JR. Kiwari, taya kareta panumpang nu dioperasikeun sapanjang jalur ieu (salian ti kareta malam; tempo di handap), keur sakabeh rute perlu ganti kareta di sababaraha tempat.

Jalur Utama Tōkaidō dioperasikeun ku tilu parusahaan JR:

Data rute[édit | sunting sumber]

JR East seri E231
JR Central seri 313
JR West seri 223
JR West seri 321
  • East Japan Railway Company, Central Japan Railway Company, West Japan Railway Company
  • Jarak total: 713.6 km (Tōkyō — Kōbe)
    • East Japan Railway Company
      • 104.6 km (Tōkyō — Atami)
      • 17.8 km (Shinagawa — Shin-Kawasaki — Tsurumi)
      • 20.6 km (Hamamatsuchō — Tōkyō Freight Terminal — Kawasaki Freight Terminal — Hama-Kawasaki)
      • 2.3 km (Tsurumi — Hacchō-Nawate)
      • 8.5 km (Tsurumi — Higashi-Takashima — Sakuragichō)
      • 2.7 km (Irie Signalbox — Shin-Kyō) (teu dipake keur kareta penumpang)
      • 16.0 km (Tsurumi — Yokohama-Hazawa — Higashi-Totsuka)
    • Central Japan Railway Company
      • 341.3 km (Atami — Maibara) (bagean 3.3 km Kanayama — Nagoya dianggap Jalur Utama Chūō, sanajan Jalur Utama Chūō teu eureun di Otōbashi)
      • 5.0 km (Ōgaki — Mino-Akasaka)
      • 13.8 km (Ōgaki — (Shin-Tarui) — Sekigahara)
    • West Japan Railway Company
      • 143.6 km (Maibara — Kōbe)
      • 3.3 km (Umekōji — Tambaguchi) (teu dipake keur kereta penumpang)
      • 10.7 km (Suita — (Miyahara Switchyard) — Amagasaki) (bagean ieu disebut oge Jalur Hoppō)
      • 8.5 km (Suita — Umeda — Fukushima) (teu dipake keur kareta penumpang; bagean ieu disebut Umeda Freight Line)
    • Japan Freight Railway Company
      • First Type Railway Operation (holds each lines and operate freight trains)
        • 6.2 km (Sannō Signalbox — Nagoya-Minato)
        • 8.7 km (Suita Signalbox — Ōsaka Freight Terminal)
      • Second Type Railway Operation (borrows each lines from other JR companies and operate freight trarins)
        • 97.8 km (Shinagawa — Atami)
        • 13.9 km (Shinagawa — Shin-Tsurumi Signalbox)
        • 12.9 km (Tōkyō Freight Terminal — Hama-Kawasaki)
        • 16.0 km (Tsurumi — Yokohama-Hazawa — Higashi-Totsuka)
        • 2.3 (Tsurumi — Hacchō-Nawate)
        • 11.2 km (Tsurumi — Shin-Kyō — Sakuragichō) (these lines are borrowed from JR East)
        • 341.3 km (Atami — Maibara)
        • 10.7 km (Minami-Arao Signalbox — Sekigahara)
        • 1.9 km (Minami-Arao Signalbox — Mino-Akasaka) (these lines are borrowed from Central JR)
        • 139.0 km (Maibara — Kōbe) (via Hoppō Freight Line)
        • 3.3 km (Umekōji — Tambaguchi)
        • 8.5 km (Suita — Umeda — Fukushima) (these lines are borrowed from JR West)
  • Rail gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  • Stasion-stasion: 161 (teu kaasup stasion cabang di Shinagawa — Shin-Kawasaki jeung Ōgaki — Mino-Akasaka)
    • JR East: 34
    • JR Central: 80
    • JR West: 47
  • Trek
    • Tripel trek atawa leuwih
      • 83.9 km (Tōkyō — Odawara)
      • 98.1 km (Kusatsu — Kōbe)
    • Trek ganda
      • Odawara — Kusatsu
      • Shinagawa — Shin-Kawasaki — Tsurumi
      • Hamamatsuchō — Tōkyō Freight Terminal — Kawasaki Freight Terminal — Hama-Kawasaki
      • Tsurumi — Hacchō-Nawate
      • Tsurumi — Higashi-Takashima
      • Tsurumi — Yokohama-Hazawa — Higashi-Totsuka
      • Suita — Umeda
      • Suita — (Miyahara Switchyard) — Amagasaki
    • Trek tunggal
      • Irie Signalbox — Shin-Kyō
      • Higashi-Takashima — Sakuragichō
      • Sannō Signalbox — Nagoya-Minato
      • Ōgaki — Mino-Akasaka
      • Ōgaki — (Shin-Tarui) — Sekigahara
      • Umekōji — Tambaguchi
      • Suita — Ōsaka Freight Terminal
      • Umeda — Fukushima
  • Electrification: All; 1,500 V DC (except Sannō Signalbox — Nagoya-Minato section)

Stasion-stasion[édit | sunting sumber]

Daerah Tokyo[édit | sunting sumber]

Bagean ieu dioperasikeun ku East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

Stasion Basa Jepang Jarak (km) Stop Pindah jalur Lokasi
ti Tokyo Rapid Acty Commuter Rapid Kota Préféktur
Tokyo 東京 0.0
East Japan Railway Company (JR East): Tōhoku Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Yamanote Line, Jalur Utama Chūō, Sōbu Main Line, Jalur Yokosuka, Keiyō Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central):Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tokyo Metro:Marunouchi Line(M-17), Tōzai Line(Ōtemachi Station: T-09)
Chiyoda Tokyo
Shimbashi 新橋 1.9 1.9
JR East: Yamanote Line, Jalur Yokosuka, Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Tokyo Metro: Ginza Line(G-08)
Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation: Asakusa Line(A-10)
Yurikamome
Minato-ku
Shinagawa 品川 4.7 6.8
East Japan Railway Company: Jalur Yokosuka, Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Yamanote Line
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Keihin Electric Express Railway: Keikyu Main Line
Kawasaki 川崎 11.4 18.2
JR East: Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Nambu Line
(Keikyu-Kawasaki) Keihin Electric Express Railway: Main Line, Daishi Line
Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki Kanagawa
Yokohama 横浜 10.6 28.8
JR East: Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Negishi Line, Yokosuka Line
Tokyu Corporation: Tōkyū Tōyoko Line
Keihin Electric Express Railway: Main Line
Sagami Railway: Main Line
Yokohama City Transportation Bureau: Yokohama municipal subway line 3 (Blue Line)
Yokohama Minatomirai Railway Company: Minatomirai Line
Nishi-ku, Yokohama
Totsuka 戸塚 12.1 40.9
JR East: Jalur Yokosuka
Yokohama City Transportation Bureau: Yokohama municipal subway line 1 (Blue Line)
Totsuka-ku, Yokohama
Ōfuna 大船 5.6 46.5
JR East: Negishi Line, Yokosuka Line
Shonan Monorail
Sakae-ku, Yokohama
Kamakura
Fujisawa 藤沢 4.6 51.1
Odakyu Electric Railway: Enoshima Line
Enoshima Electric Railway
Fujisawa
Tsujidō 辻堂 3.7 54.8
Chigasaki 茅ヶ崎 3.8 58.6
JR East: Sagami Line Chigasaki
Hiratsuka 平塚 5.2 63.8
Hiratsuka
Ōiso 大磯 4.0 67.8
Ōiso
Ninomiya 二宮 5.3 73.1
Ninomiya
Kōzu 国府津 4.6 77.7
JR Central: Gotemba Line Odawara
Kamonomiya 鴨宮 3.1 80.8
Odawara 小田原 3.1 83.9
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Odakyu Electric Railway: Odawara Line
Hakone Tozan Line, Izu-Hakone Tozan Railway: Daiyuzan Line
Hayakawa 早川 2.1 86.0
Nebukawa 根府川 4.4 90.4
Manazuru 真鶴 5.4 95.8
Manazuru
Yugawara 湯河原 3.3 99.1
Yugawara
Atami 熱海 5.5 104.6
JR East: Ito Line
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Atami Shizuoka

Wewengkon Tōkai[édit | sunting sumber]

Jalur Tōkaidō antara Atami jeung Maibara dioperasikeun ku JR Central, ngawengku Tōkai region - Préféktur Shizuoka, Préféktur Aichi jeung Préféktur Gifu.

Ngaran Basa Jepang Jarak (km) Eureun Pindah jalur Lokasi
ti Tokyo Sabagian
Rapid
(区間快速)
Rapid
(快速)
New
Rapid
(新快速)
Special
Rapid
(特別快速)
Commuter
Rapid
(通勤快速)
Kota Préféktur
Atami 熱海 104.6
(seasonal)
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
JR East: Ito Line
Atami Shizuoka
Kannami 函南 9.9 114.5 Kannami
Mishima 三島 6.2 120.7
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Izu-Hakone Railway: Sunzu Line(through service)
Mishima
Numazu 沼津 5.5 126.2
JR Tokai: Gotemba Line Numazu
Katahama 片浜 4.1 130.3
Hara 2.5 132.8
Higashi-Tagonoura 東田子の浦 4.6 137.4
Fuji
Yoshiwara 吉原 3.9 141.3
Fuji 富士 4.9 146.2
JR Tokai: Minobu Line
Fujikawa 富士川 3.5 149.7
Fujikawa
Shin-Kambara 新蒲原 2.8 152.5
Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka
Kambara 蒲原 2.4 154.9
Yui 由比 3.5 158.4
Yui
Okitsu 興津 5.9 164.3
Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka
Shimizu 清水 4.7 169.0
Kusanagi 草薙 5.2 174.2
Shizuoka Railway
Higashi-Shizuoka 東静岡 3.5 177.7
Aoi-ku, Shizuoka
Shizuoka 静岡 2.5 180.2
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Shizuoka Railway (Shin-Shizuoka Station)
Abekawa 安倍川 4.3 184.5
Suruga-ku, Shizuoka
Mochimune 用宗 2.1 186.6
Yaizu 焼津 7.1 193.7
Yaizu
Nishi-Yaizu 西焼津 3.3 197.0
Fujieda 藤枝 3.3 200.3
Fujieda
Rokugo 六合 4.6 204.9
Shimada
Shimada 島田 2.9 207.8
Kanaya 金谷 5.1 212.9
Oigawa Railway: Oigawa Main Line
Kikugawa 菊川 9.3 222.2
Kikugawa
Kakegawa 掛川 7.1 229.3
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tenryu-Hamanako Railway
Kakegawa
Aino 愛野 5.3 234.6
Fukuroi
Fukuroi 袋井 3.5 238.1
Iwata 磐田 7.8 245.9
Iwata
Toyodachō 豊田町 2.9 248.8
Tenryūgawa 天竜川 3.9 252.7
Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu 浜松 4.4 257.1
JR Central: Tokaido Shinkansen
Enshu Railway (Shin-Hamamatsu Station)
Takatsuka 高塚 5.3 262.4
Maisaka 舞阪 5.1 267.5
Bentenjima 弁天島 2.3 269.8
Araimachi 新居町 3.1 272.9
Arai
Washizu 鷲津 3.7 276.6
Kosai
Shinjohara 新所原 5.8 282.4 (general)
Tenryu-Hamanako Railway
Futagawa 二川 4.3 286.7
Toyohashi Aichi
Toyohashi 豊橋 6.9 293.6
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen,Iida Line
Toyohashi Railway: Atsumi Line (Shin-Toyohashi Station)
Nishi-Kozakai 西小坂井 4.8 298.4
Kozakai
Aichi-Mito 愛知御津 3.7 302.1
Mito
Mikawa-Otsuka Station 三河大塚 3.1 305.2
Gamagori
Mikawa-Miya 三河三谷 3.1 308.3
Gamagori 蒲郡 2.3 310.6
Meitetsu: Gamagori Line
Mikawa-Shiotsu 三河塩津 2.3 312.9
Meitetsu: Gamagori Line (Gamagori-Kyoteijo-mae Station)
Sangane 三ヶ根 2.6 315.5
Kōta
Kōda 幸田 3.0 318.5
Okazaki 岡崎 7.4 325.9
Aichi Loop Line Okazaki
Nishi-Okazaki 西岡崎 4.2 330.1
Anjō 安城 3.6 333.7
Anjō
Mikawa-Anjō 三河安城 2.6 336.3
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Higashi-Kariya 東刈谷 1.8 338.1
Kariya
Noda-Shinmachi 野田新町 1.6 339.7
Kariya 刈谷 1.9 341.6
Meitetsu: Mikawa Line
Aizuma 逢妻 1.9 343.5
Obu 大府 3.0 346.5
JR Central: Taketoyo Line Aichi
Kyowa 共和 3.0 349.5
Ōdaka 大高 4.1 353.6
Midori-ku, Nagoya
Kasadera 笠寺 3.2 356.8
Minami-ku, Nagoya
Atsuta 熱田 4.0 360.8
Atsuta-ku, Nagoya
Kanayama 金山 1.9 362.7
JR Central: Chūō Main Line
Meitetsu: Jalur Utama Nagoya
Nagoya City Subway:Meijo Line(M01), Meiko Line(E01)
Naka-ku, Nagoya
Otobashi 尾頭橋 0.9 363.6
Nakagawa-ku, Nagoya
Nagoya 名古屋 2.4 366.0
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Kansai Main Line, Chūō Main Line
Meitetsu: Jalur Utama Nagoya
Nagoya City Subway:Jalur Higashiyama (H08), Jalur Sakura-dōri (S02)
Nagoya Rinkai Rapid Transit: Jalur Aonami (AN01)
Nakamura-ku, Nagoya
Biwajima 枇杷島 4.0 370.0
Tokai Transport Service Johoku Line Kiyosu
Kiyosu 清洲 3.8 373.8
Inazawa
Inazawa 稲沢 3.3 377.1
Owari-Ichinomiya 尾張一宮 6.0 383.1
Meitetsu (Meitetsu-Ichinomiya Station): Nagoya Main Line, Bisai Line Ichinomiya
Kisogawa 木曽川 3.5 388.6
Gifu 岐阜 7.7 396.3
JR Central: Takayama Main Line
Meitetsu (Stasion Meitetsu Gifu): Nagoya Main Line, Kagamihara Line
Gifu Gifu
Nishi-Gifu 西岐阜 3.2 399.5
Hozumi 穂積 1.0 400.5
Mizuho
Ōgaki 大垣 9.5 410.0
JR Central: Tōkaidō Main Line: Mino-Akasaka Branch Line, Shin-Tarui Avoiding Line
Kintetsu Corporation: Yoro Line
Tarumi Railway: Tarumi Line
Ōgaki
Tarui 垂井 3.1 418.1
Tarui
Sekigahara 関ヶ原 5.7 423.8
JR Central: Tōkaidō Main Line: Shin-Tarui Avoiding Line Sekigahara
Kashiwabara 柏原 7.1 430.9
Maibara Shiga
Ōmi-Nagoka 近江長岡 4.3 435.2
Samegai 醒ヶ井 4.6 439.8
Maibara 米原 6.1 445.9
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
JR West: Hokuriku Main Line
Ohmi Railway: Ohmi Railway Main Line

Jalur Cabang Mino-Akasaka[édit | sunting sumber]

Ngaran Basa Jepang Jarak (km) Pindah jalur Lokasi
ti Ōgaki
Ōgaki 大垣 0.0 (see above) Ōgaki, Préféktur Gifu
Arao 荒尾 3.4 3.4
Mino-Akasaka 美濃赤坂 1.6 5.0

Jalur Cabang Shin-Tarui[édit | sunting sumber]

  • Ōgaki - Shin-Tarui (Abandoned) - Sekigahara, 13.8 km (service km)

Wewengkon Kansai[édit | sunting sumber]

Bagean kulon Jalur Utama Tōkaidō ti Maibara ka Kobe dioperasikeun ku JR West, tur babarengan jeung pausahaan Urban Network di metropolitan Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto. Jalur ieu dibagi kana tilu bagean - Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line jeung JR Kobe Line. Jalur Biwako kaasup segmen Jalur Utama Hokuriku, sedengkeun Kosei Line, JR Takarazuka Line jeung Gakkentoshi Line kaasup kana jalur utama.

Biwako Line[édit | sunting sumber]

Red right arrow.svg
 Artikel utama: Biwako Line.

The section of the line between Maibara and Kyoto is known as the Biwako Line. The line also includes the section of the Hokuriku Main Line between Maibara and Nagahama, where some Kyoto-bound trains originate.

JR Kyoto Line[édit | sunting sumber]

Red right arrow.svg
 Artikel utama: JR Kyoto Line.

The section of the Tōkaidō Main Line between Kyoto and Osaka is known as JR Kyoto Line. Biwako Line and Kosei Line trains continue on the JR Kyoto Line, and continue west to the JR Kobe Line at Osaka.

JR Kobe Line[édit | sunting sumber]

Red right arrow.svg
 Artikel utama: JR Kobe Line.

The westernmost portion of the Tōkaidō Main Line, between Osaka and Kobe is part of the JR Kobe Line, which continues west to Himeji Station on the Sanyō Main Line. Although Kobe is the official terminus of the Tōkaidō Main Line, most trains continue to Nishi-Akashi, Himeji and beyond.

Sannomiya in central Kobe is the major hub on this section, serving the city's main business and entertainment district, and provides connections to other private railway lines and Kobe Airport.

Trains[édit | sunting sumber]

In addition to standard local, rapid, and special rapid service trains, the Tōkaidō Main Line also hosts a number of limited express services.

Daytime trains[édit | sunting sumber]

Overnight trains[édit | sunting sumber]

Most overnight trains on the Tōkaidō Line go from Tokyo to western Honshū, or even as far as Kyūshū.

Discontinued trains[édit | sunting sumber]

  • Overnight train Sakura (Tokyo-Nagasaki (discontinued on March 2005), Tokyo-Sasebo (discontinued on 1999))
  • Overnight train Izumo (Tokyo-Izumo via Tottori), discontinued March 2006
  • Limited express Wide View Tōkai (Tokyo-Shizuoka), discontinued March 2007

Fleets for non-express services[édit | sunting sumber]

Tokyo area[édit | sunting sumber]

Tōkai area[édit | sunting sumber]

Kansai area[édit | sunting sumber]