Abad ka-20

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(Abad ka-19 - Abad ka-20 - Abad ka-21 - Daptarna)

Salaku catetan waktu nu kaliwat, abad ka-20 nyaéta abad taun-taunna antara 1901-2000. Abad ka-20 dimimitian ti 1 Januari, 1901 sarta dipungkas 31 Desember, 2000, dumasar kana kalender Gregorian. Sababaraha ahli sajarah nganggep jaman ti antara 1914 nepi ka 1991 minangka Abad Kaduapuluh hiji nu Pondok (Short Twentieth Century).

Panneau travaux.png Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.

Colloquially, this is often known as the nineteen hundreds (1900s), referring to the years 1900 to 1999.

The twentieth century was a remarkable shift in the very existence of humanity due to the technological, medical, social, ideological, and international innovations. Terms like genocide, holocaust, nuclear war, and terrorism rose to common language and an influence on the lives of everyday people. The trends of mechanization of goods and services and networks of global communication, which were begun in the 19th century, continued at an ever-increasing pace in the 20th. In spite of the terror and chaos, the 20th century saw many attempts at world peace. As the 35th United States President John F. Kennedy said:

"What kind of peace do we seek? I am talking about a genuine peace, the kind of peace that makes life on earth worth living. Not merely peace in our time, but peace in all time. Our problems are man-made, therefore they can be solved by man. For in the final analysis, our most basic common length is that we all inhabit this small planet, we all breath the same air, we all cherish our children's future, and we are all mortal."

Virtually every aspect of life in virtually every human society changed in some fundamental way or another during the twentieth century.

Kamekaran penting, kajadian jeung beubeunangan[édit | sunting sumber]

Élmu jeung téhnologi[édit | sunting sumber]

Line assembly Ford, 1913

Perang jeung pulitik[édit | sunting sumber]

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Warfare in the early 20th Century (1914-1918)
Clockwise from top: front line Trenches, a British Mark I Tank crossing a trench, the Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the battle of the Dardanelles, a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks and a Sopwith Camel biplane.

Five overall largest mass killings of the 20th century[édit | sunting sumber]

(measured in numbers of people killed; also see [1])

Budaya jeung hiburan[édit | sunting sumber]

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"Film" refers to the celluloid media on which motion pictures reside
  • Movies, music and the media had a major influence on fashion and trends in all aspects of life. As many movies and music originate from the United States, American culture spread rapidly over the world.
  • After gaining political rights in the United States and much of Europe in the first part of the century, women became more independent throughout the century.
  • Modern art developed new styles such as expressionism, cubism, and surrealism.
  • The automobile provided vastly increased transportation capabilities for the average member of Western societies in the early to mid-century, spreading even further later on. City design throughout most of the West became focused on transport via car. The car became a leading symbol of modern society, with styles of car suited to and symbolic of particular lifestyles.
  • Sports became an important part of society, becoming an activity not only for the privileged. Watching sports, later also on television, became a popular activity.

Highest grossing films of the 20th century[édit | sunting sumber]

  1. Titanic (1997)
  2. Star Wars (1977)
  3. Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999)
  4. E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982)
  5. Jurassic Park (1993)

Most critically acclaimed films[édit | sunting sumber]

Disease and medicine[édit | sunting sumber]

Natural resources and the environment[édit | sunting sumber]

  • The widespread use of petroleum in industry -- both as a chemical precursor to plastics and as a fuel for the automobile and airplane -- led to the vital geopolitical importance of petroleum resources. The Middle East, home to many of the world's oil deposits, became a center of geopolitical and military tension throughout the latter half of the century.
  • A vast increase in fossil fuel consumption leads to depletion of natural resources, while air pollution possibly leads to global warming and the ozone hole. The problem is increased by world-wide deforestation, also causing a loss of biodiversity. The problem of a depletion of natural resources is decreased by advances in drilling technology which led to a net increase in the amount of fossil fuel that is readily obtainable at the end of the century, as compared with the amount considered obtainable at the beginning of the century.

Significant people[édit | sunting sumber]

Pamingpin dunya[édit | sunting sumber]


Scientists[édit | sunting sumber]

Economics and business[édit | sunting sumber]

Aerospace pioneers[édit | sunting sumber]

Military leaders[édit | sunting sumber]

Religious figures[édit | sunting sumber]

Artists[édit | sunting sumber]

Entertainers[édit | sunting sumber]

Writers and poets[édit | sunting sumber]

Sports figures[édit | sunting sumber]

Notorious figures[édit | sunting sumber]

Decades and years[édit | sunting sumber]

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